Remineralizing potential of CPP-ACP creams with and without fluoride in artificial enamel lesions

Oliveira, P.; Fonseca, A.; Silva, E.M.; Coutinho, T.; Tostes, M.A.

Australian Dental Journal 61(1): 45-52

2016


ISSN/ISBN: 1834-7819
PMID: 25625789
Accession: 058736147

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Abstract
This study evaluated the effect of pastes containing casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) with and without fluoride on enamel demineralization. Human enamel blocks were used and after incipient caries-like lesions were formed, they were assigned to four groups: G1 - saliva; G2 - MI Paste (RecaldentTM ); G3 - MI Paste Plus (RecaldentTM 900 ppm as NaF); and G4 - Crest™ (1.100 ppm as NaF). The specimens were soaked in demineralizing solution for 6 hours and remineralized in artificial saliva for 18 hours alternatively for 10 days. The dentifrice was prepared with deionized water in a 1:3 proportion (w/w) or applied undiluted in the case of the CPP-ACP formula. Demineralized enamel changes were analysed by surface microhardness (SMH), 3D-profilometry and SEM. Data were analysed by non-parametric Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney test comparisons and one-way ANOVA and Tukey's HSD post hoc test (α = 0.05). The SMH values observed in the G2 (47.8 ± 28.5) and G3 (53.6 ± 27.6) groups were different from that of G4 (90.2 ± 17.1), which were significantly higher than that found in G1 (39.4 ± 14.2). The %SMH was significantly lower in G4 when compared to G1 (p < 0.001) and G3 (p < 0.05). MI Paste Plus demonstrated a greater protective effect against demineralization than MI Paste and showed smoother surfaces.