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Report of 5 novel mutations of the α-L-iduronidase gene and comparison of Korean mutations in relation with those of Japan or China in patients with mucopolysaccharidosis I



Report of 5 novel mutations of the α-L-iduronidase gene and comparison of Korean mutations in relation with those of Japan or China in patients with mucopolysaccharidosis I



Bmc Medical Genetics 17(1): 58



Mucopolysaccharidosis I (MPS I) is an autosomal recessive lysosomal storage disorder caused by a lack of the lysosomal enzyme α-L-iduronidase (IDUA). To date, more than 200 IDUA mutations have been reported. However, only a few types of mutations are recurrent and the frequencies of mutations differ from country to country. We performed the IDUA mutation analysis in seven patients who were biochemically diagnosed with MPS I in the Department of Pediatrics, Samsung Medical Center, from 2009 to 2014. Here, we describe the results of the IDUA mutation analysis in seven patients with MPS I and the IDUA mutational spectrum in Korean patients with MPS I, including previous data. The IDUA mutations were found in all 14 alleles of 7 patients, and 11 kinds of IDUA mutations were identified. The detected mutations were five missense mutations (p.A79V, p.L346R, p.T388K, p.P496R, and p.C577Y), two nonsense mutations (p.Y618* and p.R628*), two deletions (c.683delC and c.1591delC), one splice site mutation (c.972+1G>A), and one duplication (c.613_617dup). Among these, p.T388K, p.C577Y, c.683delC, c.1591delC, and c.972+1G>A were novel mutations that have not previously been reported. After taking everything into consideration, including IDUA mutation analysis of the previously reported 10 unrelated Korean patients with MPS I, p.L346R and c.704ins5 were most commonly found in Korean patients with MPS I. However, p.W402* and p.Q70*, which have mainly been found in Caucasian patients, were not found. As a result, p.L346R and c.704ins5, which were the most common in Korea, which is geographically situated midway between China and Japan, were some of the most common mutations in China and Japan, respectively. These results are especially worthy of notice.

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Accession: 058746520

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PMID: 27520059

DOI: 10.1186/s12881-016-0319-x


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