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Riding the tide of emotions with mindfulness: Mindfulness, affect dynamics, and the mediating role of coping

Riding the tide of emotions with mindfulness: Mindfulness, affect dynamics, and the mediating role of coping

Emotion 16(5): 706-718

Little research has examined ways in which mindfulness is associated with affect dynamics, referring to patterns of affect fluctuations in daily life. Using ecological momentary assessment (EMA), the present study examined the associations between trait mindfulness and several types of affect dynamics, namely affect variability, affect inertia, affect switch, and affect instability. Three hundred ninety undergraduate students from Singapore reported their current emotions and coping styles up to 19 times per day across 2 days. Results showed that trait mindfulness correlated negatively with variability, instability, and inertia of negative affect and positively with negative-to-positive affect switch. These relationships were independent of openness, habitual reappraisal, habitual suppression, depression, and self-esteem. Importantly, lower maladaptive coping was found to mediate these relationships. The study suggests that trait mindfulness independently promotes adaptive patterns of affective experiences in daily life by inhibiting maladaptive coping styles. (PsycINFO Database Record

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Accession: 058774572

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 27064290

DOI: 10.1037/emo0000165

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