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Risk Factors and Survival Outcomes for Postoperative Pulmonary Complications in Gastric Cancer Patients



Risk Factors and Survival Outcomes for Postoperative Pulmonary Complications in Gastric Cancer Patients



Hepato-Gastroenterology 62(139): 766-772



Facing with the high incidence rate and the poor outcomes of the postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs), we sought to evaluate potential risk factors for developing the PPCs of gastric cancer patients. Retrospective study was carried out to analyze consecutive gastric cancer patients who had a preoperative pulmonary function test and underwent gastrectomy in the West China Hospital (January, 2000 - December, 2009). Potential risk factors to the development of the PPCs and the survival outcomes of these patients were also analyzed. Totally, one hundred and twenty four patients (18.1%) were developed the PPCs after gastrectomy. For the development of the PPCs, univariate analysis identified the following risk factors is associated with the development of the PPCs: age ≥ 70 years (p < 0.001); male patients (p = 0.041); FEV1/FVC < 60 (p < 0.001); with the history of pulmonary disease (p < 0.001); hemoglobin < 90g/L (p = 0.025); serum albumin < 35g/L (p = 0.002); combined organoectomy (p = 0.036). Multivariate analysis identified FEV1/FVC < 60 (p = 0.004); with the history of pulmonary disease (p < 0.002); serum albumin < 35g/L (p = 0.004) were risk factors for the incidence of the PPCs. For the early detection of the PPCs, extra attention should be paid to those gastric cancer patients with FEV1/FVC < 60; history of pulmonary disease and .serum albumin < 35g/L.

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Accession: 058776368

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PMID: 26897970


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