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Role of the Cytoskeleton in Myeloid Cell Function

Role of the Cytoskeleton in Myeloid Cell Function

Microbiology Spectrum 4(4)

During an innate immune response, myeloid cells undergo complex morphological adaptations in response to inflammatory cues, which allow them to exit the vasculature, enter the tissues, and destroy invading pathogens. The actin and microtubule cytoskeletons are central to many of the most essential cellular functions including cell division, cell morphology, migration, intracellular trafficking, and signaling. Cytoskeletal structure and regulation are crucial for many myeloid cell functions, which require rapid and dynamic responses to extracellular signals. In this chapter, we review the roles of the actin and microtubule cytoskeletons in myeloid cells, focusing primarily on their roles in chemotaxis and phagocytosis. The role of myeloid cell cytoskeletal defects in hematological disorders is highlighted throughout.

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Accession: 058791023

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 27726772

DOI: 10.1128/microbiolspec.MCHD-0029-2016

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