+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Seroprevalence and "Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices" (KAPs) survey of endemic ovine brucellosis in Egypt

Seroprevalence and "Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices" (KAPs) survey of endemic ovine brucellosis in Egypt

Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 58: 1

Between February and July 2014, a cross-sectional study to estimate the seroprevalence of brucellosis in sheep in the Kafrelsheikh district of Egypt was carried out, together with a survey of knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAPs) among local shepherds. A total of 273 serum samples were collected from 28 sheep flocks in 10 villages within the study area. These samples were analysed by the Rose Bengal Plate test (RBPT) test, with all positive samples being confirmed by complement fixation test (CFT). True seroprevalence was 20 % (95 % CI 15.3-24.7 %) with the prevalence of villages with at least one seropositive sheep estimated at 95.5 % (95 % CI 92.2-100 %); village flock seroprevalence ranged from 0 to 46.8 %. Results of the KAPs survey demonstrated that despite good knowledge regarding brucellosis being potentially present within their flocks, shepherds lacked knowledge regarding routes of livestock to humans disease transmission and the symptoms of brucellosis in humans. This lack of knowledge regarding disease transmission resulted in high-risk practices being widespread-practices such as assisting parturition without protective measures, throwing aborted material into water canals and a reluctance to remove animals that had aborted from the flock. This study proposes potential measures to reduce seroprevalence of brucellosis in sheep and reduce public health risks from brucellosis such as culling aborted livestock and educational campaigns among shepherds regarding disease risks and modes of transmission.

Please choose payment method:

(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 058832409

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 26739829

DOI: 10.1186/s13028-015-0183-2

Related references

Brucella spp. infection in large ruminants in an endemic area of Egypt: cross-sectional study investigating seroprevalence, risk factors and livestock owner's knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAPs). Bmc Public Health 11: 341, 2011

A survey of knowledge, attitudes, and perceptions (KAPs) of lymphatic filariasis, elephantiasis, and hydrocele among residents in an endemic area in Haiti. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 54(3): 299-303, 1996

Men who have sex with men (MSM) and HIV infection in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso: Knowledge, attitudes, practices and seroprevalence survey. Revue d'Epidemiologie et de Sante Publique 64(4): 295-300, 2016

Knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) related to brucellosis and factors affecting knowledge sharing on animal diseases: a cross-sectional survey in the dry zone of Sri Lanka. Tropical Animal Health and Production 50(5): 983-989, 2018

Establishing evaluation indicators on the population knowledge, attitudes, practices and skills (KAPS) of secondary school teachers and students in the Philippines. Philippine Population Journal 1(2): 67-93, 1985

Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices Associated with Brucellosis in Livestock Owners in Jordan. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 93(6): 1148-1155, 2015

A study of the knowledge, attitudes and practices of Tibetan yak herders with respect to brucellosis. International Health 10(4): 294-301, 2018

Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices Associated with Brucellosis among Small-Scale Goat Farmers in Thailand. Journal of Agromedicine 24(1): 56-63, 2019

Knowledge, practices and attitudes of physicians towards evidencebased medicine in Egypt. Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal 25(2): 82-89, 2019

Brucellosis knowledge, attitudes and practices of a South African communal cattle keeper group. Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research 86(1): E1-E10, 2019

Knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) relating to brucellosis in smallholder dairy farmers in two provinces in Pakistan. Plos one 12(3): E0173365, 2017

Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices Related to Avian Influenza among a Rural Community in Egypt. Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association 85(1-2): 73-96, 2010

Knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding malaria control in an endemic area of southern Iran. Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health 42(3): 491-501, 2011

Knowledge, attitudes, and practices concerning Chagas disease in schoolchildren from an endemic area in Peru. Cadernos de Saude Publica 19(1): 147-154, 2003

School non-enrollment and its relation with health and schistosomiasis knowledge, attitudes and practices in rural Egypt. Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal 11(3): 392-401, 2005