Section 59
Chapter 58,858

Simultaneous determination of six alkaloid components in rat plasma and its application to pharmacokinetic study of Danmu preparations by an ultra fast liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry

Yin, R.; Chen, J.; Zhao, Y.; Jia, X.; Zhang, Z.; Feng, L.; Wang, H.; Wang, J.; Zhu, F.

Journal of Chromatography. B Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences 983-984: 10-17


ISSN/ISBN: 1873-376X
PMID: 25612771
DOI: 10.1016/j.jchromb.2014.12.026
Accession: 058857084

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Danmu injection and Danmu tablet are two widely used traditional Chinese medicine made of Nauclea officinalis (commonly known as Danmu), in which the alkaloids are the major active substances. In this paper, an ultra fast liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UFLC-MS/MS) method was developed for simultaneous determination and the pharmacokinetic characteristics study of six main active alkaloids (naucleamide A-10-O-β-d-glucopyranosid, naucleamide G, pumiloside, 3-epi-pumiloside, strictosamide and vincosamide) of the two above-mentioned Danmu preparations in rat plasma. In the course of the experiment, following sample preparation by protein precipitation with methanol-ethyl acetate (2:1, v/v), the nitrogen-dried extraction was reconstituted in methanol and assayed on a C18 column using a gradient elution program with mobile phase consisting of acetonitrile and water containing 0.1% formic acid. The MS detection was performed in positive ionization mode with selected ion transitions. The established method was fully validated and proved to be sensitive and specific with lower limits of quantification (LLOQs) all less than 0.32ng/mL in rat plasma and matrix effects ranged from 88.87 to 108.27%. Good linearities of six alkaloids were obtained in respective concentration ranges (r(2)>0.995). The average extract recoveries for each compound at three quality control concentration levels were no less than 79.70%, and the precision and accuracy were within the acceptable limits. The validated method was successfully applied to the pharmacokinetic study of six alkaloid components of Danmu injection and tablet in rat plasma. The obtained results may be helpful to reveal the action mechanism and guide the clinical application of Danmu preparations.

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