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Sjögren's syndrome: managed care data from a large United States population highlight real-world health care burden and lack of treatment options

Sjögren's syndrome: managed care data from a large United States population highlight real-world health care burden and lack of treatment options

Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology (): -

To better understand the real-world characteristics and costs of Sjögren's syndrome (SS). Analysing the MarketScan Commercial Claims database from Jan. 1, 2006 to Dec. 31, 2011, we identified 10,414 patients ≥18 years old newly diagnosed with SS. Patient characteristics, drugs (commonly used for SS), resource utilisation, and medical costs were evaluated for 12 months pre- and post-diagnosis. Mean age was 55 years; 90% were female. At diagnosis, SS patients were most often seen by rheumatologists (39%) or internists (14.2%); the most common concurrent autoimmune conditions were rheumatoid arthritis (17.9%) and systemic lupus erythematosus (14.6%). Other common comorbidities were hypertension (37.6%), osteoarthritis (31.4%), and hyperlipidaemia/dyslipidaemia (30.3%). Post diagnosis of SS, claims for myocardial infarction and coronary artery bypass graft doubled. Medications of interest prescribed post-diagnosis were eye/mouth drugs (32.2%) and synthetic immunosuppressants (32.1%). Biologic drugs were prescribed to a minority (TNF inhibitors, ~5.0%; non-TNF inhibitors, 1%). Of note, prescriptions for all systemic immunotherapies (synthetic and biologic) were significantly lower in the subgroup without concurrent autoimmune disease, and 15.1% of the overall population had no SS-related prescriptions. Post diagnosis, total medical resource utilisation and total medical costs increased (1.2 and 1.4-fold, respectively). In this retrospective, real-world analysis, medical claims in the first year after SS diagnosis revealed that cardiovascular (CV) events increased and all-cause healthcare costs grew by 40%. Pharmacologic management consisted primarily of low potency immunomodulation and symptomatic treatments. Systemic disease-modifying therapies were used mostly in patients who had another concurrent autoimmune disease, suggesting a lack of treatment options for SS.

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Accession: 058863781

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PMID: 27749234

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