Section 59
Chapter 58,871

So-Cheong-Ryong-Tang induces apoptosis through activation of the intrinsic and extrinsic apoptosis pathways, and inhibition of the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway in non-small-cell lung cancer A549 cells

Park, C.; Hong, S.H.; Kim, G.-Y.; Choi, Y.H.

Bmc Complementary and Alternative Medicine 15: 113


ISSN/ISBN: 1472-6882
PMID: 25889185
DOI: 10.1186/s12906-015-0639-y
Accession: 058870813

So-Cheong-Ryong-Tang (SCRT), a traditional Korean medicine containing eight species of medicinal plant, has been used to treat patients with bronchial asthma and allergic rhinitis for hundreds of years; however, its anti-cancer potential is poorly understood. The present study was designed to evaluate the apoptotic effect of SCRT against human non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) A549 cells. The effects of SCRT on cell growth and viability were evaluated by trypan blue dye exclusion and 3-(4, 5-dimethyl-thiazol-2-yl)-2, 5-diphenyl tetrazoliumbromide (MTT) assays, respectively. Apoptosis was detected using 4,6-diamidino-2-phenyllindile (DAPI) staining, agarose gel electrophoresis and flow cytometry. The protein levels were determined by Western blot analysis. Caspase activity was measured using a colorimetric assay. SCRT treatment resulted in significantly decreased A549 cell growth and viability by induction of apoptosis. SCRT induced the translocation of pro-apoptotic Bax to the mitochondria, mitochondrial membrane permeabilization, cytochrome c release from mitochondria to cytosol, and activated caspase-9 and caspase-3. SCRT also increased death receptor-associated ligands and enhanced the activation of caspase-8 and cleavage of its substrate Bid. However, the pan-caspases inhibitor significantly blocked the SCRT-induced apoptosis, suggesting that it is a caspase-dependent pathway. In addition, SCRT suppressed the phosphorylation of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) and Akt, and treatment with a potent inhibitor of PI3K further increased the apoptotic activity of SCRT. These findings suggest that SCRT may play its anti-cancer actions partly through a suppression of the PI3K/Akt signal pathway in A549 cells, and further in vivo studies on the potential of SCRT for prevention and therapy of NSCLCs are warranted.

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