+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Spatial-temporal trends and risk of suicide in Central Brazil: an ecological study contrasting indigenous and non-indigenous populations



Spatial-temporal trends and risk of suicide in Central Brazil: an ecological study contrasting indigenous and non-indigenous populations



Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria 38(3): 222-230



To examine spatial-temporal distribution and risk of suicide, as well as trends in suicide mortality rates, in the indigenous and non-indigenous population of the state of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. Data were obtained from the Information Department of the Brazilian Unified Health System. Deaths recorded as voluntary self-inflicted injuries (ICD-10 codes X60.0 to X84.9) were considered suicide. Suicide rates were estimated and adjusted by age in the population > 9 years of age. Kernel analysis was used to assess the spatial distribution of suicide cases, while trend analysis was carried out using a non-parametric test (Mann-Kendall). The suicide risk among the indigenous population was 8.1 (95%CI 7.2-9.0) times higher than in the non-indigenous population. For indigenous residents in the 15-24 age group, the risk was 18.5 (95%CI 17.5-19.6) times higher than in the non-indigenous population. The majority of indigenous cases were concentrated in a few villages in reservation areas, mainly occupied by Guarani-Kaiowá and Guarani-Ñandeva groups. Rate patterns remained stable over time in both groups. Suicide is a serious public health problem in Mato Grosso do Sul, and has had an alarming and disproportionate impact on the indigenous population for more than a decade.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 058883448

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 26786195

DOI: 10.1590/1516-4446-2015-1720


Related references

Spatial and temporal distribution of tuberculosis in indigenous and non-indigenous of Rondônia State, Western Amazon, Brazil. Cadernos de Saude Publica 28(2): 267-280, 2012

Spatial distribution of Brucella antibodies with reference to indigenous cattle populations among contrasting agro-ecological zones of Uganda. Preventive Veterinary Medicine 121(1-2): 56-63, 2015

Health-service performance of TB treatment for indigenous and non-indigenous populations in Brazil: a cross-sectional study. Bmc Health Services Research 14: 237, 2014

Intentional injury among the indigenous and total populations in British Columbia, Canada: trends over time and ecological analyses of risk. International Journal for Equity in Health 16(1): 141, 2017

Characteristics of suicide mortality among indigenous and non-indigenous people in Roraima, Brazil, 2009-2013. Epidemiologia E Servicos de Saude 26(4): 887-893, 2017

Trends in neural tube defects in Western Australia in Indigenous and non-Indigenous populations. Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology 18(4): 277-280, 2004

Factors associated with anti-TB drug-induced hepatotoxicity and genetic polymorphisms in indigenous and non-indigenous populations in Brazil. Tuberculosis 101: 15-24, 2016

Trends in hepatitis B prevalence and associated risk factors among Indigenous and non-Indigenous prison entrants in Australia, 2004 to 2013. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health 43(3): 236-240, 2019

Excess Indigenous mortality: are Indigenous Australians more severely disadvantaged than other Indigenous populations?. International Journal of Epidemiology 36(3): 580-589, 2007

Parent Feeding Practices in the Australian Indigenous Population within the Context of non-Indigenous Australians and Indigenous Populations in Other High-Income Countries-A Scoping Review. Advances in Nutrition 10(1): 89-103, 2019

Geographic distribution of non-clinical Theileria parva infection among indigenous cattle populations in contrasting agro-ecological zones of Uganda: implications for control strategies. Parasites and Vectors 7: 414, 2014

HIV incidence in Indigenous and non-Indigenous populations in Australia: a population-level observational study. Lancet. HIV 5(9): E506, 2018

The Spatial Knowledge of Indigenous People in Mountainous Environments: A Case Study of Three Taiwanese Indigenous Tribes. Geographical Review 103(3): 390-408, 2013

"Health divide" between indigenous and non-indigenous populations in Kerala, India: population based study. Bmc Public Health 12: 390-390, 2012

Indigenous Planning: from Principles to Practice. Planning Theory and Practice 18(4): 639-666, 2017