+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Success of a smoking cessation programme in smoking behaviour of chronic periodontitis patients and identification of predictors of motivation for smoking cessation - a pilot study

Success of a smoking cessation programme in smoking behaviour of chronic periodontitis patients and identification of predictors of motivation for smoking cessation - a pilot study

International Journal of Dental Hygiene 14(3): 168-177

The primary goal of this pilot study was to evaluate the success of a smoking cessation programme on smoking behaviour of patients with chronic periodontitis. Secondary goals were to identify the prevalence of smoking among them, predictors of motivation for smoking cessation and for successful nicotine abstinence. Smokers suffering from chronic periodontitis were offered cognitive behavioural group therapy of 10 once-weekly sessions. Smoking is reduced stepwise and complete cessation is to be achieved by the sixth session. Sociodemographic data, history of smoking and motivation for smoking cessation, subjective health status, and questionnaires on anxiety, depression, control beliefs and coping with stress were completed at study entry. Smoking behaviour was assessed at the end of the group programme and 3 months thereafter. Of 469 patients with periodontitis, 59 (12.6%) were smokers; 30 (50.6%) patients participated in the smoking cessation programme. Participants smoked more cigarettes/day (P = 0.03, 95% CI: -17.9/-0.89) and subjectively assessed their health as being worse than non-participants (P = 0.09, 95% CI: -0.16/2.15). In SPQ, non-participants showed more trivialization (P = 0.014, 95% CI: 0.59/4.94). Complete data were available for 15 group participants: six patients were smoke-free after 10 weeks and five after 18 weeks (33.3%); two patients had reduced their cigarette consumption by half. At the start of the programme, less successful participants showed a tendency to higher depression in HADS (P = 0.085, 95% CI: -5.25/5.76) and were more inclined to seek substitute satisfaction (P = 0.034, 95% CI: 3.24/11.23). The rate of success in this study was comparable with other studies. More research with larger samples is needed for confirming these observations.

Please choose payment method:

(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 058928169

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 25600466

DOI: 10.1111/idh.12124

Related references

Predictors of smoking cessation after a myocardial infarction: the role of institutional smoking cessation programs in improving success. Archives of Internal Medicine 168(18): 1961-1967, 2008

Predictors of short-term success in smoking cessation in relation to attendance at a smoking cessation program. Nicotine and Tobacco Research 13(11): 1068-1075, 2011

The participation of health professionals in a smoking-cessation programme positively influences the smoking cessation advice given to patients. International Journal of Clinical Practice 59(4): 447-452, 2005

Smoking-cessation-counselling as a smoking cessation interventional tool for hospitalized patients--results of a pilot study. Pneumologie 63(10): 578-581, 2010

The pharmacist "toolbox" for smoking cessation: a review of methods, medicines, and novel means to help patients along the path of smoking reduction to smoking cessation. Journal of Pharmacy Practice 25(6): 591-599, 2012

Success of a smoking cessation program among smoking relatives of patients with serious smoking-related pulmonary disorders. European Addiction Research 11(2): 57-61, 2005

Effects of a smoking cessation program on amount of smoking and nicotine dependence and self-efficacy of smoking cessation for smoking workers. Taehan Kanho Hakhoe Chi 37(7): 1073-1079, 2007

Predictors of smoking cessation among cancer patients enrolled in a smoking cessation program. Acta Oncologica 50(5): 678-684, 2011

Validation Study of Kim's Smoking Cessation Motivation Scale and Its Predictive Implications for Smoking Cessation. Psychiatry Investigation 6(4): 272-277, 2009

Evaluation of smoking cessation intervention in patients with chronic diseases in smoking cessation clinics. Medicine 96(42): E7459, 2017

The effects of a smoking cessation programme on health-promoting lifestyles and smoking cessation in smokers who had undergone percutaneous coronary intervention. International Journal of Nursing Practice 21(2): 107-117, 2015

Comparing the psychological stress between non-smoking patients and smoking patients who experience abrupt smoking cessation during hospitalization for acute myocardial infarction: a pilot study. Canadian Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing 19(4): 26-32, 2009

Uppsala model for smoking cessation. Smokers formulate own motivation for smoking cessation. Vardfacket 18(4): Xxii-Xxiv, 1994

Improving smoking cessation outcomes in secondary care: Predictors of hospital staff willingness to provide smoking cessation referral. Preventive Medicine Reports 3: 229-233, 2016

Effectiveness of pharmacologic therapies on smoking cessation success: three years results of a smoking cessation clinic. Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine 9(1): 9, 2014