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The Circumscribed Fear Measure: Development and initial validation of a trans-stimulus phobia measure



The Circumscribed Fear Measure: Development and initial validation of a trans-stimulus phobia measure



Psychological Assessment 27(2): 403-414



Extant stimulus-specific fear measures are limited to a small number of stimuli and contain significantly different content. This article describes 2 studies that develop a more flexible fear measure—the Circumscribed Fear Measure (CFM)—and examine its psychometric properties. In Study 1, participants (N = 771) completed an initial item pool while considering their most feared stimulus. Results of factor analyses were used to propose a 25-item, 5-factor measure that would span the domain of specific phobia reactions, applicable to different stimuli. In Study 2, participants (N = 959) completed the 25-item CFM, extant phobia measures, and a measure of disability. The CFM exhibited a 5-scale structure that had an equivalent structure across different stimuli. It showed good factorial validity, reliability, and generally good convergent and discriminant validity. Criterion validity was commensurate with that of extant phobia measures. The use of the measure as an index of an individual's greatest fear is also discussed. The CFM shows promise and could have substantial research and clinical utility.

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Accession: 058995991

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 25558966

DOI: 10.1037/pas0000046


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