+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

The Effects of Smoking and Smoking Cessation on Spine Surgery: A Systematic Review of the Literature

The Effects of Smoking and Smoking Cessation on Spine Surgery: A Systematic Review of the Literature

Global Spine Journal 6(7): 695-701

Study Design Literature review. Objective The aim of this literature review was to detail the effects of smoking in spine surgery and examine whether perioperative smoking cessation could mitigate these risks. Methods A review of the relevant literature examining the effects of smoking and cessation on surgery was conducted using PubMed, Google Scholar, and Cochrane databases. Results Current smokers are significantly more likely to experience pseudarthrosis and postoperative infection and to report lower clinical outcomes after surgery in both the cervical and lumbar spines. Smoking cessation can reduce the risks of these complications depending on both the duration and timing of tobacco abstinence. Conclusion Smoking negatively affects both the objective and subjective outcomes of surgery in the lumbar and cervical spine. Current literature supports smoking cessation as an effective tool in potentially mitigating these unwanted outcomes. Future investigations in this field should be directed toward developing a better understanding of the complex relationship between smoking and poorer outcomes in spine surgery as well as developing more efficacious cessation strategies.

Please choose payment method:

(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 059004705

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 27781190

DOI: 10.1055/s-0036-1571285

Related references

Wound healing and infection in surgery. The clinical impact of smoking and smoking cessation: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Archives of Surgery 147(4): 373-383, 2012

Wound healing and infection in surgery: the pathophysiological impact of smoking, smoking cessation, and nicotine replacement therapy: a systematic review. Journal of Urology 188(6): 2243-2244, 2012

Wound Healing and Infection in Surgery: The Pathophysiological Impact of Smoking, Smoking Cessation, and Nicotine Replacement Therapy: A Systematic Review. Yearbook of Plastic and Aesthetic Surgery 2013: 174-175, 2013

The effectiveness of naltrexone combined with current smoking cessation medication to attenuate post smoking cessation weight gain: a literature review. Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice 10: 20, 2017

Effects of a smoking cessation program on amount of smoking and nicotine dependence and self-efficacy of smoking cessation for smoking workers. Taehan Kanho Hakhoe Chi 37(7): 1073-1079, 2007

Smoking, smoking cessation, and wound complications after lumbar spine surgery. Spine Journal 2(5-Supp-S): 113-114, 2002

The Impact of Current Smoking and Smoking Cessation on Short-Term Morbidity Risk After Lumbar Spine Surgery. Spine 41(7): 577-584, 2016

Smoking cessation during pregnancy: a systematic literature review. Drug and Alcohol Review 29(1): 81-90, 2010

The pharmacist "toolbox" for smoking cessation: a review of methods, medicines, and novel means to help patients along the path of smoking reduction to smoking cessation. Journal of Pharmacy Practice 25(6): 591-599, 2012

Online support for smoking cessation: a systematic review of the literature. Addiction 104(11): 1792-1804, 2009

Community pharmacy-delivered interventions for public health priorities: a systematic review of interventions for alcohol reduction, smoking cessation and weight management, including meta-analysis for smoking cessation. Bmj Open 6(2): E009828, 2016

Re-starting smoking in the postpartum period after receiving a smoking cessation intervention: a systematic review. Addiction 111(6): 981-990, 2016

The Use of Pediatrician Interventions to Increase Smoking Cessation Counseling Among Smoking Caregivers: A Systematic Review. Clinical Pediatrics 55(7): 583-592, 2016

Do doctors' smoking habits influence their smoking cessation practices? A systematic review and meta-analysis. Addiction 109(11): 1811-1823, 2014

Nurses' smoking habits and their professional smoking cessation practices. A systematic review and meta-analysis. International Journal of Nursing Studies 67: 3, 2017