+ Site Statistics
References:
52,654,530
Abstracts:
29,560,856
PMIDs:
28,072,755
+ Search Articles
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ PDF Full Text
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn

+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

The HIV Epidemic in Sub-Saharan Africa is Aging: Evidence from the Demographic and Health Surveys in Sub-Saharan Africa



The HIV Epidemic in Sub-Saharan Africa is Aging: Evidence from the Demographic and Health Surveys in Sub-Saharan Africa



Aids and Behavior 21(Suppl 1): 101-113



We use the individual-level data from all available Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) from 27 sub-Saharan African countries conducted between 2003 and 2012 (40 population-based and nationally representative surveys in total) to calculate HIV testing consent rates and HIV prevalence for each country separately, as well as for the pooled sample. The pooled sample comprised of 427,130 individuals. In most countries HIV prevalence in adults aged 45 years and above is higher than in the total population. We further show that over the past decade HIV prevalence has increased in older age groups, while it has decreased in younger ones. While the age patterns of HIV consent rates vary across the 27 countries included in our sample, analysis of the pooled sample across all countries reveals a u-shaped relationship with lowest consent rates around age 35 years and higher consent rates among younger and older people. We argue that future DHS and other population-based HIV surveys should offer HIV testing to all adults without age limits.

(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 059009698

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 27837426

DOI: 10.1007/s10461-016-1591-7


Related references

Contraceptive use in adolescents in Sub-Saharan Africa: evidence from Demographic and Health Surveys. Connecticut Medicine 78(5): 261-272, 2014

Adult mortality in sub-Saharan Africa: evidence from Demographic and Health Surveys. Demography 41(4): 757-772, 2004

The relationship between HIV and fertility in the era of antiretroviral therapy in sub-Saharan Africa: evidence from 49 Demographic and Health Surveys. Tropical Medicine and International Health 22(12): 1542-1550, 2017

Understanding the gender disparity in HIV infection across countries in sub-Saharan Africa: evidence from the Demographic and Health Surveys. Sociology of Health and Illness 33(4): 522-539, 2011

Prenatal care associated with reduction of neonatal mortality in Sub-Saharan Africa: evidence from Demographic and Health Surveys. Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica 90(7): 779-790, 2011

What explains gender inequalities in HIV/AIDS prevalence in sub-Saharan Africa? Evidence from the demographic and health surveys. Bmc Public Health 16(1): 1136, 2016

Long-acting reversible contraception in adolescents in Sub-Saharan Africa: evidence from demographic and health surveys. European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care 2018: 1-8, 2018

Household and community HIV/AIDS status and child malnutrition in sub-Saharan Africa: evidence from the demographic and health surveys. Social Science and Medicine 73(3): 436-446, 2011

Circumcision Status and Time to Sexual Debut Among Youth in Sub-Saharan Africa: Evidence from Six Demographic and Health Surveys. Aids and Behavior 20(11): 2514-2528, 2015

A comparative analysis of the use of maternal health services between teenagers and older mothers in sub-Saharan Africa: evidence from Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS). Social Science and Medicine 64(6): 1311-1325, 2006

Male circumcision and its association with HIV infection and sexually transmitted diseases: evidence from 18 demographic and health surveys in sub-Saharan Africa. Sahara J 8(1): 13-18, 2013

Use of contraceptives, high risk births and under-five mortality in Sub Saharan Africa: evidence from Kenyan (2014) and Zimbabwean (2011) demographic health surveys. Bmc Women's Health 18(1): 173, 2018

Assessment of the protective effect of male circumcision from HIV infection and sexually transmitted diseases: evidence from 18 demographic and health surveys in sub-Saharan Africa. African Journal of Reproductive Health 14(2): 105-113, 2011

Assessment of the protective effect of male circumcisioin from HIV infection and sexually transmitted diseases: evidence from 18 demographic and health surveys in Sub-Saharan Africa. East African Journal of Public Health 7(4): 295-299, 2011

Smoking and HIV in Sub-Saharan Africa: A 25 Country Analysis of the Demographic Health Surveys. Nicotine and Tobacco Research 2018, 2018