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The effect of myofibroblasts and corticosteroid injections in adhesive capsulitis

The effect of myofibroblasts and corticosteroid injections in adhesive capsulitis

Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery 25(8): 1274-1279

Adhesive capsulitis is a condition that results in restricted glenohumeral motion. Fibroblasts have been implicated in the disease process; however, their role as a contractile element in the development of fibrosis and capsular contracture is not well understood. We hypothesized (1) that myofibroblast prevalence in capsular biopsy specimens from patients with adhesive capsulitis would be increased compared with controls and (2) that patients treated with an intra-articular injection of corticosteroid would have fewer myofibroblasts. The study prospectively enrolled 20 consecutive patients with adhesive capsulitis scheduled for capsular release and matched controls. Tissue samples were collected from the posterior and anterior capsule for histomorphologic and immunohistologic analyses. Identical sectioning and preparation was performed in 14 additional adhesive capsulitis specimens from patients who had not received corticosteroid injections. Patients with adhesive capsulitis not treated with preoperative corticosteroid demonstrated more histologic evidence of fibromatosis, synovial hyperplasia, and an increase in positive staining for α-smooth muscle actin than patients who had received intra-articular injections of steroid. No specimens obtained from control patients demonstrated positive staining for α-smooth muscle actin. There was a higher prevalence of myofibroblast staining in patients with adhesive capsulitis, implicating activation of the myofibroblast in the pathophysiology of capsular contracture. Intra-articular steroid injection decreases the presence and amount of fibromatosis, vascular hyperplasia, fibrosis, and the presence of fibroblasts staining for α-smooth muscle actin. This supports the use of steroid injections to alter the disease process by decreasing the pathologic changes found in the capsular tissue.

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Accession: 059058986

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 27039673

DOI: 10.1016/j.jse.2016.01.012

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