+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

The incidence and patterns of illness at the Sochi 2014 Winter Paralympic Games: a prospective cohort study of 6564 athlete days



The incidence and patterns of illness at the Sochi 2014 Winter Paralympic Games: a prospective cohort study of 6564 athlete days



British Journal of Sports Medicine 50(17): 1064-1068



To describe the epidemiology of illness at the Sochi 2014 Winter Paralympic Games. A total of 547 athletes from 45 countries were monitored daily for 12 days over the Sochi 2014 Winter Paralympic Games (6564 athlete days). Illness data were obtained daily from teams without their own medical support (13 teams, 37 athletes) and teams with their own medical support (32 teams, 510 athletes) through electronic data capturing systems. The total number of illnesses reported was 123, with an illness incidence rate (IR) of 18.7 per 1000 athlete days (95% CI 15.1% to 23.2%). The highest IR was reported for wheelchair curling (IR of 20.0 (95% CI 10.1% to 39.6%)). Illnesses in the respiratory system (IR of 5.6 (95% CI 3.8% to 8.0%)), eye and adnexa (IR of 2.7 (95% CI 1.7% to 4.4%)) and digestive system (IR of 2.4 (95% CI 1.4% to 4.2%)) were the most common. Older athletes (35-63 years) had a significantly higher IR than younger athletes (14-25 years, p=0.049). The results of this study indicate that Paralympic athletes report higher illness incidence rates compared to Olympic athletes at similar competitions. The highest rates of illness were reported for the respiratory and digestive systems, eye and adnexa, respectively. Thus, the results of this study form a basis for the identification of physiological systems at higher risk of illness, which can in turn inform illness prevention and management programmes with eventual policy change to promote athlete safety in future editions of the Winter Paralympic Games.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 059078665

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 27162232

DOI: 10.1136/bjsports-2016-096215


Related references

High incidence of injury at the Sochi 2014 Winter Paralympic Games: a prospective cohort study of 6564 athlete days. British Journal of Sports Medicine 50(17): 1069-1074, 2016

High incidence of injuries at the Pyeongchang 2018 Paralympic Winter Games: a prospective cohort study of 6804 athlete days. British Journal of Sports Medicine 54(1): 38-43, 2020

Sport, sex and age increase risk of illness at the Rio 2016 Summer Paralympic Games: a prospective cohort study of 51 198 athlete days. British Journal of Sports Medicine 52(1): 17-23, 2018

Factors associated with illness in athletes participating in the London 2012 Paralympic Games: a prospective cohort study involving 49,910 athlete-days. British Journal of Sports Medicine 47(7): 433-440, 2013

Catering for client groups during the XXII Olympic winter games and XI Paralympic winter games of 2014 in Sochi. Voprosy Pitaniia 85(1): 125-132, 2016

Improving prevention activities of infectious diseases during preparation and holding of the XXII Olympic Winter Games and XI Paralympic Winter Games 2014 in Sochi. Zhurnal Mikrobiologii Epidemiologii i Immunobiologii .(1): 101-108, 2015

Epidemiological risk of introduction of dangerous and exotic infectious diseases on the territory of the XXII Olympic Winter Games and XI Paralympic Winter Games 2014 in Sochi. Zhurnal Mikrobiologii Epidemiologii i Immunobiologii .(1): 115-121, 2015

Principle directions for the creation and organization of the system of sanitary-epidemiological safety during the preparations for the XXII Olympic Winter Games and XI Paralympic Winter Games 2014 in Sochi. Zhurnal Mikrobiologii Epidemiologii i Immunobiologii .(1): 94, 2015

Organization Of The Quality Control Of Placement And Accommodation Of Participants Attendants And Guests Of The Xxii Olympic Winter Games And Xi Paralympic Winter Games Of 2014 In The Resort City Of Sochi. Gigiena i Sanitariia 94(2): 13-15, 2015

Operation and interaction peculiarities of diagnostic laboratories involved in providing protection from infectious diseases during the XXII Olympic Winter Games and XI Paralympic Winter Games 2014 in Sochi. Zhurnal Mikrobiologii Epidemiologii i Immunobiologii .(1): 109-114, 2015

Features of the Organization of Sanitary-Epidemiological Surveillance During the Period of Preparation and Hosting of the Xxii Olympic Winter Games and Xi Paralympic Winter Games in the Resort City of Sochi in 2014. Gigiena i Sanitariia 94(2): 5-9, 2015

Medical Care Before and During the Winter Paralympic Games in Turin 2006, Vancouver 2010 and Sochi 2014. Journal of Human Kinetics 48: 7, 2015

High precompetition injury rate dominates the injury profile at the Rio 2016 Summer Paralympic Games: a prospective cohort study of 51 198 athlete days. British Journal of Sports Medicine 52(1): 24-31, 2018

Using modern information technology in the practice of the sanitary-epidemiological surveiliance during the XXII Olympic Winter Games and XI Paralympic Winter Games in Sochi. Zhurnal Mikrobiologii Epidemiologii i Immunobiologii .(2): 113-118, 2015

Anti-doping analyses at the Sochi Olympic and Paralympic Games 2014. Drug Testing and Analysis 6(11-12): 1087-1101, 2015