+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Trait mindfulness, reasons for living and general symptom severity as predictors of suicide probability in males with substance abuse or dependence



Trait mindfulness, reasons for living and general symptom severity as predictors of suicide probability in males with substance abuse or dependence



Iranian Journal of Psychiatry 10(1): 56-63



The aim of this study was to evaluate suicide probability in Iranian males with substance abuse or dependence disorder and to investigate the predictors of suicide probability based on trait mindfulness, reasons for living and severity of general psychiatric symptoms. Participants were 324 individuals with substance abuse or dependence in an outpatient setting and prison. Reasons for living questionnaire, Mindfulness Attention Awareness Scale and Suicide probability Scale were used as instruments. Sample was selected based on convenience sampling method. Data were analyzed using SPSS and AMOS. The life-time prevalence of suicide attempt in the outpatient setting was35% and it was 42% in the prison setting. Suicide probability in the prison setting was significantly higher than in the outpatient setting (p<0.001). The severity of general symptom strongly correlated with suicide probability. Trait mindfulness, not reasons for living beliefs, had a mediating effect in the relationship between the severity of general symptoms and suicide probability. Fear of social disapproval, survival and coping beliefs and child-related concerns significantly predicted suicide probability (p<0.001). It could be suggested that trait mindfulness was more effective in preventing suicide probability than beliefs about reasons for living in individuals with substance abuse or dependence disorders. The severity of general symptom should be regarded as an important risk factor of suicide probability.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 1 workday: $29.90)

Accession: 059151502

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 26005482


Related references

Symptom endorsement of alcohol and other substance abuse and dependence criteria among American-Indian adolescents in residential substance abuse treatment. Journal of Addictive Diseases 24(4): 65-78, 2005

Predictors of expressed and received violence severity among men and women in substance abuse treatment Proximal substance abuse and contextual factors. Alcoholism Clinical & Experimental Research 27(5 Suppl.): 107A, 2003

ASD Comorbidity in Fragile X Syndrome: Symptom Profile and Predictors of Symptom Severity in Adolescent and Young Adult Males. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 49(3): 960-977, 2019

Integrated Exposure-Based Therapy for Co-Occurring Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and Substance Dependence: Predictors of Change in PTSD Symptom Severity. Journal of Clinical Medicine 5(11):, 2016

Symptom clustering of substance dependence and abuse: examining internal validity of DSM-III, and-IIIR symptom criteria. Nida Research Monograph 105: 601-602, 1990

The investigation of the relationship between probability of suicide and reasons for living in psychiatric inpatients. Indian Journal of Psychiatry 59(4): 435-441, 2018

Suicide probability: an assessment terms of reasons for living, hopelessness and loneliness. Turk Psikiyatri Dergisi 16(1): 29-39, 2005

Mindfulness and experiential avoidance as predictors of posttraumatic stress disorder avoidance symptom severity. Journal of Anxiety Disorders 24(4): 409-415, 2010

Retention in substance abuse treatment. Role of psychiatric symptom severity. American Journal on Addictions 6(4): 293-303, 1997

Physical and sexual abuse as predictors of substance use and suicide among pregnant teenagers. Journal of Adolescent Health 13(2): 128-132, 1992

Psychological Vulnerability and Substance Abuse as Predictors of Suicide Ideation Among Adolescents. Omega--Journal of Death and Dying 24(1): 21-33, 1991

Substance use, abuse and dependence in adolescence: Prevalence, symptom profiles and correlates. Drug & Alcohol Dependence 68(3): 309-322, 1 December, 2002

Substance abuse, community service use, and symptom severity of urban and rural residents with schizoprhenia. Psychiatric Services 47(9): 980-984, 1996

Predictors of lower-than-expected posttraumatic symptom severity in war veterans: The influence of personality, self-reported trait resilience, and psychological flexibility. Behaviour Research and Therapy 113: 1-8, 2019

Gender differences in the relationship of homelessness to symptom severity, substance abuse, and neuroleptic noncompliance in schizophrenia. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease 189(7): 449-456, 2001