+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
EurekaMag Most Shared ContentMost Shared
EurekaMag PDF Full Text ContentPDF Full Text
+ PDF Full Text
Request PDF Full TextRequest PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedInFollow on LinkedIn

+ Translate

Transient poverty, poverty dynamics, and vulnerability to poverty: An empirical analysis using a balanced panel from rural China

Transient poverty, poverty dynamics, and vulnerability to poverty: An empirical analysis using a balanced panel from rural China

World Development 78(): 541-553

NlmCategory="UNASSIGNED">China's economic reforms starting in the late 1970s have resulted in rapid economic growth, with annual growth in gross domestic product averaging greater than 10 percent per year for more than thirty years. Accompanying this rapid growth in national accounts have been rapid and widespread reductions in poverty. With these reductions in poverty, however, there has often been observed an increase in income inequality, both between as well as within rural and urban sectors. This rising income gap challenges the notion that economic reforms in China have been as successful as the poverty statistics would suggest. In this paper, we suggest that an alternative view would be to consider the effects of these reforms on changing the chronic nature of poverty and reducing household vulnerability to poverty. Using a balanced panel from rural China from 1991 through 2006, we find that most poverty among our sample has shifted from being chronic in nature to being transient, with households either shifting into a state of being non-poor moving in and out of poverty. Among our sample, vulnerability to poverty has been declining over time, but the declines are not uniform over time or space. We decompose household vulnerability status into two proximate causes: low expected income and high income variability, finding vulnerability increasingly due to income variability. Additionally, we demonstrate that vulnerable households have very different characteristics than non-vulnerable households.

(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 059158903

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 26855470

DOI: 10.1016/j.worlddev.2015.10.022

Related references

Coupling between ecological vulnerability and economic poverty in contiguous destitute areas, China: Empirical analysis of 714 poverty-stricken counties. Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao 27(8): 2614-2622, 2018

On the empirical finding of a higher risk of poverty in rural areas: is rural residence endogenous to poverty?. Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics 30(2): 185-199, 2005

Young child poverty in the United States: Analyzing trends in poverty and the role of anti-poverty programs using the Supplemental Poverty Measure. Children and Youth Services Review 74: 35-49, 2017

Spatio-temporal patterns of rural poverty in China and targeted poverty alleviation strategies. Journal of Rural Studies 52: 66-75, 2017

Poverty in Latin America: a survey of major topics in the analysis of poverty and in current poverty alleviation policies. CDR Working Papers ( 94.7): 38pp., 1994

Poverty in rural india variations in factors influencing dynamics of chronic poverty. Journal of International Development aop(aop): 0-0, 2012

Asset versus consumption poverty and poverty dynamics in rural Ethiopia. Agricultural Economics 42(2): 221-233, 2011

Poverty assessment, poverty reduction, and sustainable livelihoods: how poverty mapping, institutional analysis, and participatory governance can make a difference. Issues in Mountain Development International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development ( 5): 6 pp., 2000

Rural poverty dynamics and impact of intervention programs upon chronic and transitory poverty in Northern Ethiopia. African Development Review: 1, 92-114, 2010

Overcoming persistent poverty--and sinking into it: income trends in persistent-poverty and other high-poverty rural counties, 1989-94. Rural development perspectives: RDP 12(3): 2-10, 1997

Rural poverty status and countermeasures of eliminating rural poverty in China. Research of Agricultural Modernization 26(3): 169-172, 2005

Poverty, rural poverty and minority groups living in rural poverty. 1969

Anti-poverty project sustainability in rural China: An empirical analysis. Outlook on Agriculture 41(3): 153-161, 2012

Dynamics of irrigation-poverty linkages in rural India: analytical framework and empirical analysis. Water Policy 5(5/6): 459-473, 2003

Water and poverty in rural China developing an instrument to assess the multiple dimensions of water and poverty. Ecological Economics: 5, 999-1009, 2010