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Treatment outcomes of Japanese patients with Ewing sarcoma: differences between skeletal and extraskeletal Ewing sarcoma

Treatment outcomes of Japanese patients with Ewing sarcoma: differences between skeletal and extraskeletal Ewing sarcoma

Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology 46(6): 522-528

The incidence of Ewing sarcoma is lower in non-Caucasian populations, compared with Caucasian populations, for unknown reasons. Most studies from western countries have reported improvement in outcomes following multi-agent chemotherapy, with no difference in outcome between skeletal and extraskeletal Ewing sarcoma. However, there are few studies of Ewing sarcoma in non-Caucasian populations, with especially few comparing outcomes between skeletal and extraskeletal Ewing sarcoma. Thus, the purpose of this study is to determine whether the outcomes and prognostic factors of Ewing sarcoma in the Japanese population are similar to those in Caucasian populations and to determine whether skeletal and extraskeletal Ewing sarcoma have similar outcomes in Japanese patients. We retrospectively evaluated the outcomes of 74 Japanese patients with Ewing sarcoma treated between 1981 and 2011 from the Osaka University Orthopaedic Oncology Group. Extraskeletal Ewing sarcoma, tumors in the extremities, localized disease at presentation and diagnosis after 2000 were significantly associated with a favorable outcome. Among patients with localized disease at presentation, a significantly better outcome was observed for those with extraskeletal Ewing sarcoma, those who underwent a VDC/IE based or VAIA chemotherapy protocol, and those who were diagnosed after 2000. In the multivariable analyses, extraskeletal Ewing sarcoma was an independent predictor of increased overall survival among all patients and the subset of patients with localized disease. The outcome of patients with Ewing sarcoma in Japan has improved in the last decade. The outcomes and prognostic factors are similar for Japanese and Caucasian patients, though in this series of Japanese patients, a better prognosis was observed for patients with extraskeletal rather than skeletal Ewing sarcoma.

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Accession: 059169698

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PMID: 27008849

DOI: 10.1093/jjco/hyw032

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