+ Site Statistics
References:
54,258,434
Abstracts:
29,560,870
PMIDs:
28,072,757
+ Search Articles
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ PDF Full Text
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

White fear, dehumanization, and low empathy: Lethal combinations for shooting biases



White fear, dehumanization, and low empathy: Lethal combinations for shooting biases



Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology 22(3): 322-332



A growing number of studies have documented the existence racial shooting biases against Black versus White targets (Correll et al., 2002). Little is known about individual differences that may moderate these biases. The goals of this study were to examine (a) whether White participants' fear of racial/ethnic minorities is associated with racial shooting biases, and (b) whether dehumanization and empathy moderate this effect. Participants (N = 290) completed a dehumanization implicit association test and simulated shooting task, then reported their fear of racial minorities (i.e., White fear) and empathic ability. We found that (a) individuals high in White fear showed a shooting bias, such that they had a lower threshold for shooting Black relative to White and East Asian targets, (b) Dehumanization moderated the White fear and shooting bias relation, such that individuals high in White fear and high in dehumanization had a significantly more liberal shooting threshold for Black versus White targets, and (c) Empathy moderated the White fear and shooting bias relation, such that people who were high in White fear and low in empathic ability had a more liberal shooting threshold for Black versus White targets. In sum, fearing racial/ethnic minorities can have devastating shooting bias outcomes for Black individuals, but this effect is stronger when people also dehumanize Black individuals, and weaker when people have high empathy. These findings contribute to the literature by identifying theory driven moderators that identify both risk and protective factors in predicting racial shooting biases. (PsycINFO Database Record

(PDF emailed within 1 workday: $29.90)

Accession: 059267934

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 26371792


Related references

The genus dodecatheon in british columbia canada member of the family primulaceae dodecatheon conjugens slim pod shooting star dodecatheon dentatum white shooting star dodecatheon frigidum northern shooting star dodecatheon hendersonii hendersons shooting star dodecatheon jeffreyi jeffreys shooting star dodecatheon pulchellum few flowered shooting star. Davidsonia 6(1): 7-13, 1975

From dehumanization and objectification to rehumanization: neuroimaging studies on the building blocks of empathy. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 1167: 31-34, 2009

Expectancy biases in fear and anxiety and their link to biases in attention. Clinical Psychology Review 42: 83-95, 2016

Orienting and maintenance of gaze in contamination fear: Biases for disgust and fear cues. Behaviour Research and Therapy 48(5): 402-408, 2010

Empathy in depression: Egocentric and altercentric biases and the role of alexithymia. Journal of Affective Disorders 199: 23-29, 2017

Inter-human and animal-directed empathy: a test for evolutionary biases in empathetic responding. Behavioural Processes 108: 80-86, 2015

Strike shooting, dip shooting, widepatch shooting; does prestack depth migration care? A model study. SEG Annual Meeting Expanded Technical Program Abstracts with Biographies 68: (unpaginated, 1998

Evaluation of lethal and non-lethal sampling methods for the detection of white sturgeon iridovirus infection in white sturgeon, Acipenser transmontanus (Richardson). Journal of Fish Diseases 30(6): 367-379, 2007

Catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) genotype biases neural correlates of empathy and perceived personal distress in schizophrenia. Comprehensive Psychiatry 54(2): 181-186, 2013

Guilt, fear, submission, and empathy in depression. Journal of Affective Disorders 71(1-3): 19-27, 2002

Developmental differences in empathy with a television protagonists fear. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology 39(2): 284-299, 1985

Relationship between Disgust and Memory Biases in Spider Fear. International Journal of Cognitive Therapy 2(1): 16-36, 2009

The effectiveness of empathy- versus fear-arousing antismoking PSAs. Health Communication 26(5): 404-415, 2011

Model empathy and respect when immunizing children who fear needles. Canadian Nurse 103(4): 6-7, 2007

Addressing the empathy deficit: beliefs about the malleability of empathy predict effortful responses when empathy is challenging. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 107(3): 475-493, 2015