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Whole-body CT with high heat-capacity X-ray tube and automated tube current modulation--effect of tube current limitation on contrast enhancement, image quality and radiation dose



Whole-body CT with high heat-capacity X-ray tube and automated tube current modulation--effect of tube current limitation on contrast enhancement, image quality and radiation dose



European Journal of Radiology 84(5): 877-883



To evaluate the effect of tube current limitation on contrast enhancement, image quality, and radiation dose in whole-body 64-detector CT with a high heat-capacity X-ray tube and automated tube current modulation. One hundred eighteen patients were randomized into three whole-body CT protocols: tube current limitation at 210 mA, 450 mA, and no limitation. Signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), dose-length product (DLP), estimated effective dose (ED), and image quality were assessed. Mean SNR of aorta was comparable among protocols, but that of liver was somewhat lower in 210-mA than in 450-mA and no-limitation protocols (p<0.05). Mean DLP with 210-mA (533.8 mGy cm) was reduced by 31% from that with 450-mA (768.4 mGy cm) and by 38% from that with no-limitation protocol (861.3 mGy cm), respectively. Image quality was slightly degraded (p<0.017) with 210 mA relative to the others in thorax and pelvis, but no difference was found in diagnostic acceptability. For whole-body CT using multidetector CT mounted with a high heat-capacity X-ray tube, an appropriate tube current limitation setting may help reduce excessive radiation dose without significant compromise in diagnostic acceptability.

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Accession: 059269857

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 25740700

DOI: 10.1016/j.ejrad.2015.01.019


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