A multi-walled carbon nanotubes based molecularly imprinted polymers electrochemical sensor for the sensitive determination of HIV-p24

Ma, Y.; Shen, X.-L.; Zeng, Q.; Wang, H.-S.; Wang, L.-S.

Talanta 164: 121-127


ISSN/ISBN: 1873-3573
PMID: 28107905
DOI: 10.1016/j.talanta.2016.11.043
Accession: 059350809

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To develop a rapid, simple and sensitive method for the determination of human immunodeficiency virus p24 (HIV-p24), a novel molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) electrochemical sensor was constructed on the surface of a multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) modified glassy carbon electrode (GCE) by surface polymerization using acrylamide (AAM) as functional monomer, N,N'-methylenebisacrylamide (MBA) as cross-linking agent and ammonium persulphate (APS) as initiator. Each modification step was carefully examined by cyclic voltammetry (CV), differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) and scanning electron microscope (SEM). The proposed MIPs electrochemical biosensor exhibited specific recognition to HIV-p24 and displayed a broad linear detection range from 1.0×10-4 to 2ngcm-3 with a low detection limit of 0.083pgcm-3 (S/N=3). This performance is superior to most HIV-p24 sensors based on other methods. Meanwhile, this sensor possessed of good selectivity, repeatability, reproducibility, stability and was successfully applied for the determination of HIV-p24 in real human serum samples, giving satisfactory results. The accuracy and reliability of the sensor is further confirmed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).