+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Association between participation in social activity and physical fitness in community-dwelling older Japanese adults



Association between participation in social activity and physical fitness in community-dwelling older Japanese adults



Japanese Journal of Public Health 63(12): 727-737



Purpose This study aimed to examine the relationship between participation in social activity and both, composite and individual measures of physical fitness in community-dwelling older adults.Methods This study was conducted using baseline data from the Sasaguri Genkimon Study (SGS), a longitudinal cohort study conducted in 2011. Participants were 1,365 community-dwelling men and women aged 65 years or above, who did not require certified nursing care and who resided in Sasaguri, a town located east of the Fukuoka metropolitan area. Participation in social activity was assessed by asking participants whether they engaged in any of eight social activities. Physical fitness tests assessed participants' handgrip strength and knee extension strength as measures of muscle strength, and their one-leg standing time, 5-m maximum gait speed, and 5-repetition sit-to-stand rate as measures of their physical performance. Multiple linear regression and logistic regression analyses were conducted to assess the relationship between participation in social activity and each measure of physical fitness, adjusting for sex; age; body mass index; socioeconomic status; solitary living; exercise, habitual drinking and smoking; accelerometer-measured, moderate-to-vigorous physical activity; cognitive function; instrumental activities of daily living; distress; social network; and comorbidities.Results A total of 83.6% of the participants were engaged in at least one social activity. After adjusting for potential confounders, engagement in social activity was positively associated with a higher composite physical fitness score, faster gait speed and 5-repetition sit-to-stand rate, and longer one-leg standing time (P=0.008, P=0.030, P=0.034, and P=0.009, respectively).Conclusion Participation in social activity was significantly associated with physical fitness, specifically those related to locomotive function. These associations were independent of various confounders including socioeconomic status, and comorbidities.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 059413061

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 28100892

DOI: 10.11236/jph.63.12_727


Related references

The association between physical activity and social isolation in community-dwelling older adults. Aging and Mental Health 22(2): 175-182, 2018

Factors that promote new or continuous participation in social group activity among Japanese community-dwelling older adults: A 2-year longitudinal study. Geriatrics and Gerontology International 18(8): 1259-1266, 2018

Association of the physical activity of community-dwelling older adults with transportation modes, depression and social networks. Nihon Ronen Igakkai Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Geriatrics 48(5): 516-523, 2011

Association between habitual light-intensity physical activity and lower-extremity performance: a cross-sectional study of community-dwelling older Japanese adults. Geriatrics and Gerontology International 15(3): 268-275, 2015

Role of physical activity, physical fitness, and chronic health conditions on the physical independence of community-dwelling older adults over a 5-year period. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics 65: 45-53, 2017

Correlates of physical activity participation in community-dwelling older adults. Journal of Aging and Physical Activity 18(4): 375-389, 2010

Association between statin use and physical function among community-dwelling older Japanese adults. Geriatrics and Gerontology International 18(4): 623-630, 2018

Association Between Social Participation and Instrumental Activities of Daily Living Among Community-Dwelling Older Adults. Journal of Epidemiology 26(10): 553-561, 2016

Association between physical fitness parameters and health related quality of life in Chilean community-dwelling older adults. Revista Medica de Chile 145(1): 55-62, 2017

Participation levels of physical activity programs for community-dwelling older adults: a systematic review. Bmc Public Health 14: 1301, 2014

Association Between Social and Physical Activities and Insomnia Symptoms Among Community-Dwelling Older Adults. Journal of Aging and Health 28(6): 1073-1089, 2016

Participation in Social Activities and the Association with Socio-Demographic and Health-Related Factors among Community-Dwelling Older Adults in Jamaica. Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology 31(4): 427-447, 2016

Social Isolation, Physical Capacity, and Physical Activity in Older Community-Dwelling Adults Post-Hospitalization. Journal of Aging and Physical Activity 26(2): 204-213, 2018

Physical Fitness Measures as Potential Markers of Low Cognitive Function in Japanese Community-Dwelling Older Adults without Apparent Cognitive Problems. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine 13(3): 590-596, 2014

Physical activity and social network contacts in community dwelling older adults. Activities, Adaptation and Aging 27(3/4): 113-127, 2003