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Comparative genome-wide methylation analysis of longissimus dorsi muscles between Japanese black (Wagyu) and Chinese Red Steppes cattle

Comparative genome-wide methylation analysis of longissimus dorsi muscles between Japanese black (Wagyu) and Chinese Red Steppes cattle

Plos One 12(8): E0182492

DNA methylation is an important epigenetic mechanism involved in expression of genes in many biological processes including muscle growth and development. Its effects on economically important traits are evinced from reported significant differences in meat quality traits between Japanese black (Wagyu) and Chinese Red Steppes cattle, thus presenting a unique model for analyzing the effects of DNA methylation on these traits. In the present study, we performed whole genome DNA methylation analysis in the two breeds by whole genome bisulfite sequencing (WGBS). Overall, 23150 differentially methylated regions (DMRs) were identified which were located in 8596 genes enriched in 9922 GO terms, of which 1046 GO terms were significantly enriched (p<0.05) including lipid translocation (GO: 0034204) and lipid transport (GO: 0015914). KEGG analysis showed that the DMR related genes were distributed among 276 pathways. Correlation analysis found that 331 DMRs were negatively correlated with the expression levels of differentially expressed genes (DEGs) with 21 DMRs located in promoter regions. Our results identified novel candidate DMRs and DEGs correlated with meat quality traits, which will be valuable for future genomic and epigenomic studies of muscle development and for marker assisted selection of meat quality traits.

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Accession: 059524725

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PMID: 28771560

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