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Comparison of outcomes using balloon-expandable versus self-expanding transcatheter prostheses according to the extent of aortic valve calcification



Comparison of outcomes using balloon-expandable versus self-expanding transcatheter prostheses according to the extent of aortic valve calcification



Clinical Research in Cardiology 106(12): 995-1004



Device landing zone (DLZ) calcification is an important determinant of procedural success in transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). To evaluate the impact of DLZ calcification on procedural outcome with different types of transcatheter heart valves (THVs). Aortic valve calcium density (AVCdens) was determined by non-contrast-enhanced computed tomography in 1232 patients undergoing transfemoral TAVI. We stratified the outcome data according to the extent of AVCdens (mild, moderate, severe) and compared balloon-expandable (BE) with self-expanding (SE) THV. Moreover, THVs were subdivided according to their radial force (BE: high; SEmod: moderate; SElow: low). With BE THV, PVR ≥2° (2.1 vs. 7.9%; p < 0.001), post-dilatation (12.3 vs. 36.6%; p < 0.001), malpositioning (8.4 vs. 13.0%; p = 0.01), device embolization (0.4 vs. 2.6%; p = 0.004), and the need for a second valve (1.2 vs. 3.6%; p = 0.01) were less frequent than with SE devices, but mean transaortic gradients at discharge were higher [12.0 mmHg (8.0-15.0) vs. 9.0 mmHg (6.0-11.0); p < 0.001], and aortic root injury was more frequent (2.7 vs. 0.8%; p = 0.01). In cases of severe calcification, differences between BE and SE THV regarding PVR, post-dilatation, and hemodynamics were mostly pronounced, followed by patients with moderate AVCdens. In cases with low AVCdens, the best outcomes with respect to PVR, pacemaker implantation, and hemodynamics were achieved with SElow THV. In severe and moderate DLZ calcification, BE devices may have advantages, whereas in mild DLZ calcification, SElow THV showed the most favorable profile.

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Accession: 059530396

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 28795259

DOI: 10.1007/s00392-017-1149-3


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