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Differential regulation of ssb genes in the nitrogen-fixing cyanobacterium, Anabaena sp. strain PCC7120 1


Differential regulation of ssb genes in the nitrogen-fixing cyanobacterium, Anabaena sp. strain PCC7120 1



Journal of Phycology 53(2): 322-332



ISSN/ISBN: 0022-3646

PMID: 28000228

DOI: 10.1111/jpy.12500

Anabaena sp. PCC7120 possesses three genes coding for single-stranded DNA-binding (SSB) protein, of which ssb1 was a single gene, and ssb2 and ssb3 are the first genes of their corresponding operons. Regulation of the truncated ssb genes, ssb1 (alr0088) and ssb2 (alr7559), was unaffected by N-status of growth. They were negatively regulated by the SOS-response regulatory protein LexA, as indicated by the (i) binding of Anabaena LexA to the LexA box of regulatory regions of ssb1 and ssb2, and (ii) decreased expression of the downstream gfp reporter gene in Escherichia coli upon co-expression of LexA. However, the full-length ssb gene, ssb3 (all4779), was regulated by the availability of Fe2+ and combined nitrogen, as indicated by (i) increase in the levels of SSB3 protein on Fe2+ -depletion and decrease under Fe2+ -excess conditions, and (ii) 1.5- to 1.6-fold decrease in activity under nitrogen-fixing conditions compared to nitrogen-supplemented conditions. The requirement of Fe2+ as a co-factor for repression by FurA and the increase in levels of FurA under nitrogen-deficient conditions in Anabaena (Lopez-Gomollon et al. 2007) indicated a possible regulation of ssb3 by FurA. This was substantiated by (i) the binding of FurA to the regulatory region of ssb3, (ii) repression of the expression of the downstream gfp reporter gene in E. coli upon co-expression of FurA, and (iii) negative regulation of ssb3 promoter activity by the upstream AT-rich region in Anabaena. This is the first report on possible role of FurA, an important protein for iron homeostasis, in DNA repair of cyanobacteria.

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