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Effect of Fatty Acid Chain Length on the Crystallization Behavior of Trans-free Margarine Basestocks during Storage

Hu, P.; Xu, X.; Yu, L.L.

Journal of Oleo Science 66(4): 353-362

2017


ISSN/ISBN: 1347-3352
PMID: 28381787
DOI: 10.5650/jos.ess16210
Accession: 059649105

In order to obtain margarine free of trans-fatty acids, four interesterified basestocks were prepared by chemical interesterification (CIE) of oil blends. Different ratios of palm stearin, palm olein and soybean oil were mixed without and with 1) fully hydrogenated Acer truncatum oil (FHATO), 2) fully hydrogenated rapeseed oil or 3) palm kernel oil containing a similar amount of saturated, monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids, but different saturated fatty acid length for CIE. Compared to the physical blends, the CIE samples demonstrated lower slip melting points and decreased solid fat contents, especially at high temperatures, indicating that the CIE samples might have improved mouthfeel. In all CIE samples, the β crystal form disappeared and only the β' crystal form was observed, except for sample 2, which contained a mixed β and β' forms. Furthermore, in all CIE samples, except sample 1, the β' crystal forms began transforming to β form after only two cycles of higher temperature treatments indicating that the CIE sample with FHATO had the most resistance to temperature fluctuation during storage which may be attributed to its longer saturated chains. In conclusion, the CIE basestocks containing longer saturated fatty acids could be more suitable for margarine use.

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