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Effect of Prediabetes on Allograft Survival and Evolution of New-Onset Diabetes After Transplant in Deceased-Donor Kidney Transplant Recipients During Long-Term Follow-Up

Effect of Prediabetes on Allograft Survival and Evolution of New-Onset Diabetes After Transplant in Deceased-Donor Kidney Transplant Recipients During Long-Term Follow-Up

Experimental and Clinical Transplantation 15(6): 620-626

This study investigated the effect of prediabetes in long-term deceased-donor renal transplant recipients regarding graft survival, graft function, and evolution of new-onset diabetes after transplant compared with a control group of graft recipients with normal glucose tolerance test results. This was a follow-up trial of 187 deceased-donor renal transplant recipients. Based on oral glucose tolerance test results, the cohort was divided into groups A and B, comprising individuals with normal glucose metabolism (n = 130, 69.9%) and individuals with prediabetes (n = 56, 30.1%). Data are shown as means ± standard errors. Both groups showed similar total transplant survival (116.8 ± 5.4 vs 114.5 ± 7.4 mo; P = .742) and transplant survival measured since oral glucose tolerance test (58.5 ± 1.4 vs 59.5 ± 1.9 mo; P = .990, Mantel-Cox P = .943). Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses showed no association of prediabetes with graft loss. Transplant function changes were similar between cohorts (-3 ± 1 vs -5 ± 2 mL/min/1.73 m2 body surface area, using the Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration formula; P = .538). At 5-year follow-up, recipients with prediabetes had higher hemoglobin A1c than controls (5.99% ± 0.10% vs 5.67% ± 0.04%; P = .002). Prediabetes was associated with a 4.5-fold increased hazard of new-onset diabetes after transplant (P = .021). Prediabetes was associated with a 4.5-fold higher hazard ratio for new-onset diabetes after transplant but not with reduced graft function or survival.

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Accession: 059652863

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PMID: 28332958

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