Effects of bilirubin photoisomers on the measurement of direct bilirubin by the bilirubin oxidase method

Okada, H.; Kawada, K.; Itoh, S.; Ozaki, M.; Kakutani, I.; Arai, T.; Koyano, K.; Yasuda, S.; Iwase, T.; Murao, K.; Kusaka, T.

Annals of Clinical Biochemistry 55(2): 276-280


ISSN/ISBN: 1758-1001
PMID: 28656812
DOI: 10.1177/0004563217716474
Accession: 059657473

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Background We occasionally encounter increases in direct bilirubin value on reanalysis of the surplus serum collected in the past from a neonate with indirect hyperbilirubinemia. But the details of this phenomenon are unclear. We evaluated the change of direct bilirubin and the relation of bilirubin photoisomer of the serum exposed to room light. Methods Surplus serum samples from neonates with indirect hyperbilirubinemia were exposed to room light for 24 h. The bilirubin fraction assay of samples was performed by the bilirubin oxidase method (Nescauto and Aqua-auto Kainos reagent) and high-performance liquid chromatography. Results Direct bilirubin increased significantly from 0.61 to 2.36 mg/dL. The respective ratios of bilirubin photoisomers before and after exposure were as follows: cyclobilirubin (0.007 to 0.29) and (EZ)-bilirubin (0.018 to 0.041) increased significantly, (ZZ)-bilirubin decreased 0.84 to 0.55 significantly. The difference of the cyclobilirubin concentration was most closely associated with those of the direct bilirubin concentration. Conclusion Direct bilirubin value was increased after exposure to the room light, and increase in direct bilirubin was significantly correlated by cyclobilirubin increase in the serum samples from neonates with indirect hyperbilirubinemia.