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Effects of Glut1 gene silencing on proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis of colorectal cancer cells by targeting the TGF-β/PI3K-AKT-mTOR signaling pathway



Effects of Glut1 gene silencing on proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis of colorectal cancer cells by targeting the TGF-β/PI3K-AKT-mTOR signaling pathway



Journal of Cellular Biochemistry 119(2): 2356-2367



This study aims to investigate the effects of glucose transport l (Glut1) gene on proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis of colorectal cancer (CRC) cells by regulating the TGF-β/PI3K-AKT-mTOR signaling pathway. Immunohistochemistry was conducted to detect the positive Glut1 expression. Normal human CRC epithelial cells (CCD-18Co) and CRC cell line HCT116 were grouped into the control, blank, negative control (NC), and shGlut1-1 groups. RT-qPCR and Western blotting were performed to detect the expressions of Glut1, TGF-β1, PI3K, AKT, PTEN, mTOR, Bcl-2, and Bax. Protein expression of phosphorylated-PI3K (p-PI3K), p-S473-AKT, p-S389-S6K1, p-T70-4EBP1, Cleaved caspase-3 and Cleaved-PARP were detected. MTT assay, flow cytometry, and colony formation assay were performed in order to detect cell viability, cell cycle, and apoptosis, respectively. The positive expression rate of Glut1 in CRC tissues was 75% ± 8%, while in the adjacent normal tissues it was 0%. In comparison to adjacent normal tissues, CRC tissues had increased Glut1, TGF-β1, PI3K, AKT, mTOR, and Bcl-2 expressions, and p-PI3K, p-S473-AKT, p-S389-S6K1, and p-T70-4EBP1 expressions; and decreased PTEN, Bax, Cleaved caspase-3, and Cleaved-PARP expressions. In comparison with the blank and NC groups, cells in the shGlut1-1 group showed decreased Glut1, TGF-β1, PI3K, AKT, mTOR, and Bcl-2 expressions, and p-PI3K, p-S473-AKT, p-S389-S6K1, and p-T70-4EBP1 expressions; and increased PTEN, Bax, Cleaved caspase-3, and Cleaved-PARP expressions, along with more arrested cells in C0/C1 phase than in S phase and slower cell growth. These results suggested that silencing the Glut1 gene inhibited proliferation and promoted apoptosis of CRC cells by inactivating TGF-β/PI3K-AKT-mTOR signaling pathway.

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Accession: 059660079

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 28884839

DOI: 10.1002/jcb.26399


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