Effects of Self-Assembling Peptide P11-4, Fluorides, and Caries Infiltration on Artificial Enamel Caries Lesions in vitro

Wierichs, R.J.; Kogel, J.; Lausch, J.; Esteves-Oliveira, M.; Meyer-Lueckel, H.

Caries Research 51(5): 451-459


ISSN/ISBN: 1421-976X
PMID: 28772269
DOI: 10.1159/000477215
Accession: 059663830

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The application of a self-assembling peptide on noncavitated caries lesions is supposed to be a feasible approach to facilitate remineralization and mask their unfavorable appearance. However, demineralizing conditions are common in the oral environment, so the aim of this pH-cycling study was to compare recommended and novel treatment methods regarding their ability to hamper demineralization and as a consequence mask artificial enamel caries lesions. Artificial caries lesions were prepared in bovine enamel and randomly allocated to 11 groups (n = 22). Treatments before pH-cycling were as follows: the application of a self-assembling peptide (Curodont™ Repair [C]), a low-viscosity resin (Icon® [I]), 2 fluoride solutions (10,000 ppm F-: Elmex fluid [E] and 43,350 ppm F-: Tiefenfluorid® [T]), and no intervention (N). During pH-cycling (28 days, 6 × 60 min demineralization/day) half of the specimens in each group were brushed (10 s; 2 ×/day) with either fluoride-free (named e.g., C0) or NaF (1,100 ppm F-; e.g., C1) dentifrice slurry. In another subgroup specimens were pH-cycled but not brushed (NNB). Differences in integrated mineral loss (ΔΔZ), lesion depth (ΔLD), and colorimetric values (ΔΔE) were calculated between values after pre-demineralization, surface treatment, and pH-cycling. Specimens of C0, C1, NNB, N0, N1, T0, and E0 showed significantly increased ΔZ and LD values after pH-cycling (p ≤ 0.003; paired t test). C0, C1, NNB, and N0 showed significantly higher changes in ΔΔZ than E1, I0, I1, and T1 (p < 0.001; ANOVA). Significantly reduced colorimetric values could only be observed for I1, I0, E1, and E0 after treatment and after pH-cycling (p ≤ 0.027; paired t test). In conclusion, under the conditions chosen only the application of a low-viscosity resin could mask caries lesions significantly, whereas self-assembling peptides could neither inhibit lesion progression nor mask the lesions considerably.