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Fluoride concentration and amount of dentifrice influence enamel demineralization in situ



Fluoride concentration and amount of dentifrice influence enamel demineralization in situ



Journal of Dentistry 66: 18-22



This study evaluated the effect of conventional (CD, 1100ppm F) and low-fluoride (LFD, 550ppm F) dentifrices, applied in different quantities, on enamel demineralization, and on fluoride (F) concentrations in the dental biofilm formed in situ. Five combinations of dentifrices and quantities were tested: placebo (P-F-free) applied on all brush bristles; LFD applied by the transversal technique (0.3g-T1) or on all bristles (0.6g-T2); and CD applied in a pea-sized amount (0.15g-T3) or by the transversal technique (0.3g-T4), in order to produce comparable intensities (F concentration in the dentifrice×amount applied to the brush). Volunteers (n=13, 20-36 years old) wore palatal devices containing 4 bovine enamel blocks, and performed cariogenic challenges (30% sucrose solution) 6×/day, and brushing 3×/day, following a double-blind, cross-over and randomized protocol. On the 8th day, biofilm was collected 5 and 60min after brushing. The percentage of surface hardness loss (%SH), integrated loss of subsurface hardness (ΔKHN) and biofilm F concentrations (solid and fluid phases) were determined. Data were analyzed by repeated-measures ANOVA, Student-Newman-Keuls test, and Pearson's correlation coefficient (p<0.05). Significantly lower ΔKHN was observed for treatments with higher intensity (T2 and T4) in comparison with the lower intensity (T1 and T3). A strong correlation was observed between ΔKHN and F concentrations in total biofilm (r=-0.71) and biofilm fluid (r=-0.72) 5min after brushing. The treatment intensity has a significant influence on the development of caries lesions in situ. The intensity of treatment (amount of dentifrice×concentration) during brushing seems to be a more relevant parameter of clinical efficacy than simply observing the F concentration of the product. The use of a small amount of CD significantly reduced the protective effects against enamel demineralization.

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Accession: 059745723

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 28916162

DOI: 10.1016/j.jdent.2017.09.004


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