GNE missense mutation in recessive familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

Köroğlu, Çi.ğd.; Yılmaz, R.; Sorgun, M.H.; Solakoğlu, S.; Şener, Öz.

Neurogenetics 18(4): 237-243


ISSN/ISBN: 1364-6753
PMID: 29086072
DOI: 10.1007/s10048-017-0527-3
Accession: 059777571

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Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a motor neuron disease eventually leading to death from respiratory failure. Recessive inheritance is very rare. Here, we describe the clinical findings in a consanguineous family with five men afflicted with recessive ALS and the identification of the homozygous mutation responsible for the disorder. The onset of the disease ranged from 12 to 35 years of age, with variable disease progressions. We performed clinical investigations including metabolic and paraneoplastic screening, cranial and cervical imaging, and electrophysiology. We mapped the disease gene to 9p21.1-p12 with a LOD score of 5.2 via linkage mapping using genotype data for single-nucleotide polymorphism markers and performed exome sequence analysis to identify the disease-causing gene variant. We also Sanger sequenced all coding sequences of SIGMAR1, a gene reported as responsible for juvenile ALS in a family. We did not find any mutation in SIGMAR1. Instead, we identified a novel homozygous missense mutation p.(His705Arg) in GNE which was predicted as damaging by online tools. GNE has been associated with inclusion body myopathy and is expressed in many tissues. We propose that the GNE mutation underlies the pathology in the family.