+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

HIV outcomes among migrants from low-income and middle-income countries living in high-income countries: a review of recent evidence

HIV outcomes among migrants from low-income and middle-income countries living in high-income countries: a review of recent evidence

Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases

Migrants living in high-income countries are disproportionately affected by HIV infection and frequently have characteristics associated with poor HIV clinical outcomes. HIV epidemiology among migrants is influenced by changes in migration patterns and variations in transmission risk behaviors. Here we review the recently published literature on known HIV outcomes among migrants from low-income and middle-income countries living in high-income countries. High proportions of migrants acquire HIV after migration, and this group frequently presents to care late. Once established in care, migrants are often more likely to experience worse HIV treatment outcomes compared with native populations. Multiple individual and structural factors influence HIV diagnosis and treatment outcomes among migrants, including disruption of social networks, increased sexual risk behaviors, communication barriers, limited access to care, and stigma. Few studies have examined interventions targeted at improving HIV outcomes among migrants. Stigma and limited access to care appear to be primary drivers of poor HIV outcomes among migrants in high-income countries. Addressing these disparities is limited by difficulties in identifying and monitoring this population as well as a lack of evidence regarding appropriate interventions for migrants living with HIV. Improving outcomes for this group requires interventions that are specifically targeted at this marginalized and growing population.

Please choose payment method:

(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 059805271

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 29095720

DOI: 10.1097/qco.0000000000000415

Related references

Perceptions and impact of plain packaging of tobacco products in low and middle income countries, middle to upper income countries and low-income settings in high-income countries: a systematic review of the literature. Bmj Open 6(3): E010391, 2016

Do attributes of persons with chronic kidney disease differ in low-income and middle-income countries compared with high-income countries? Evidence from population-based data in six countries. Bmj Global Health 2(4): E000453, 2017

Interventions to close the divide for women with breast and cervical cancer between low-income and middle-income countries and high-income countries. Lancet 389(10071): 861-870, 2017

Adherence to antiretroviral therapy during and after pregnancy in low-income, middle-income, and high-income countries: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Aids 26(16): 2039-2052, 2012

Effect of GNI on Infant Mortality Rate in Low Income, Lower Middle Income, Upper Middle Income and High Income Countries. Journal of Health and Human Services Administration 39(2): 159-185, 2016

Tackling non-communicable diseases in low- and middle-income countries: is the evidence from high-income countries all we need?. Plos Medicine 10(1): E1001377, 2013

A comparative analysis of avoidable causes of childhood blindness in Malaysia with low income, middle income and high income countries. International Ophthalmology 35(2): 201-207, 2015

Comparison of Economic Evaluation Methods Across Low-income, Middle-income and High-income Countries: What are the Differences and Why?. Health Economics 25(Suppl. 1): 29-41, 2016

Comparing the Income Elasticity of Health Spending in Middle-Income and High-Income Countries: The Role of Financial Protection. International Journal of Health Policy and Management 7(3): 255-263, 2018

50-year mortality trends in children and young people: a study of 50 low-income, middle-income, and high-income countries. Lancet 377(9772): 1162-1174, 2011

Reducing the burden of road traffic injury: translating high-income country interventions to middle-income and low-income countries. Injury Prevention 14(5): 284-289, 2008

Availability and affordability of essential medicines for diabetes across high-income, middle-income, and low-income countries: a prospective epidemiological study. Lancet. Diabetes and Endocrinology 6(10): 798-808, 2018

The effect of physical activity on mortality and cardiovascular disease in 130 000 people from 17 high-income, middle-income, and low-income countries: the PURE study. Lancet 390(10113): 2643-2654, 2017

The association between obesity and severe disability among adults aged 50 or over in nine high-income, middle-income and low-income countries: a cross-sectional study. Bmj Open 5(4): E007313, 2015

Consumption of carbonated soft drinks and suicide attempts among 105,061 adolescents aged 12-15 years from 6 high-income, 22 middle-income, and 4 low-income countries. Clinical Nutrition 2019:, 2019