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Identification of a new small ubiquitin-like modifier (SUMO) -interacting motif in the E3 ligase PIASy

Kaur, K.; Park, H.; Pandey, N.; Azuma, Y.; De Guzman, R.N.

Journal of Biological Chemistry 292(24): 10230-10238

2017


ISSN/ISBN: 1083-351X
PMID: 28455449
DOI: 10.1074/jbc.m117.789982
Accession: 059823123

Small ubiquitin-like modifier (SUMO) conjugation is a reversible post-translational modification process implicated in the regulation of gene transcription, DNA repair, and cell cycle. SUMOylation depends on the sequential activities of E1 activating, E2 conjugating, and E3 ligating enzymes. SUMO E3 ligases enhance transfer of SUMO from the charged E2 enzyme to the substrate. We have previously identified PIASy, a member of the Siz/protein inhibitor of activated STAT (PIAS) RING family of SUMO E3 ligases, as essential for mitotic chromosomal SUMOylation in frog egg extracts and demonstrated that it can mediate effective SUMOylation. To address how PIASy catalyzes SUMOylation, we examined various truncations of PIASy for their ability to mediate SUMOylation. Using NMR chemical shift mapping and mutagenesis, we identified a new SUMO-interacting motif (SIM) in PIASy. The new SIM and the currently known SIM are both located at the C terminus of PIASy, and both are required for the full ligase activity of PIASy. Our results provide novel insights into the mechanism of PIASy-mediated SUMOylation. PIASy adds to the growing list of SUMO E3 ligases containing multiple SIMs that play important roles in the E3 ligase activity.

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