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Inpatient Admissions and Costs Associated with Persistent Use of Dalfampridine Extended-Release in Multiple Sclerosis: A Claims Database Analysis

Inpatient Admissions and Costs Associated with Persistent Use of Dalfampridine Extended-Release in Multiple Sclerosis: A Claims Database Analysis

Journal of Managed Care and Specialty Pharmacy 23(7): 771-780

While the clinical benefits of dalfampridine extended-release (D-ER) have been established in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) through multiple clinical trials, there is limited real-world data on D-ER use, in particular the persistent use of D-ER, and associated acute care resource utilization and costs. To examine the real-world association of D-ER use and inpatient admissions and costs among patients with MS. This study was a retrospective observational claims analysis of the MarketScan database (April 2009-March 2014). Eligible patients consisted of adult enrollees aged 18-64 years who had (a) 12 months of continuous private plan enrollment preceding (baseline) and following (follow-up) the first D-ER claim; (b) ≥ 2 MS diagnosis codes with ≥ 1 during the baseline period; (c) ≥ 2 consecutive D-ER claims; and (d) no alternate gait-impairing etiologies during the baseline and follow-up periods. Patients were separated into 2 D-ER cohorts in the main analysis: persistent (≥ 360 days of D-ER supply) and nonpersistent (< 360 days of supply) users. Sensitivity analyses were conducted, examining additional breakdowns of days of supply within the nonpersistent cohort. Inpatient admissions (all-cause and MS-related) and health care expenditures were calculated and compared between the cohorts during follow-up using Wilcoxon rank-sum and chi-square tests. Regression models were conducted, controlling for age, sex, MS relapses, comorbidities, disease-modifying therapy use, and other baseline factors, including inpatient admissions and costs. Of 1,598 eligible patients, 719 (45.0%) were persistent D-ER users, and 879 (55.0%) were nonpersistent D-ER users. The 2 cohorts had similar demographic and clinical characteristics, with mean (SD) ages of 51.0 (8.4) and 50.6 (8.6) years and were 71.3% and 66.6% female, respectively. Compared with nonpersistent D-ER use, persistent D-ER use was associated with lower odds of all-cause inpatient admissions (OR = 0.58, P = 0.010) and MS-related inpatient admissions (OR = 0.50, P = 0.004). Persistent use was also associated with lower inpatient expenditures for all-cause admissions ($669 vs. $1,515, P = 0.002) and MS-related admissions ($388 vs. $891, P = 0.008). Persistent D-ER use was associated with significantly lower rates of all-cause and MS-related inpatient admissions and costs. Funding for this research and medical writing assistance was provided by Acorda Therapeutics. The study sponsor was involved in all stages of the study research and manuscript preparation. Guo and Niyazov were employees of Acorda Therapeutics at the time of this study and may own stock/stock options. Wu, Macaulay, Terasawa, and Schmerold are employees of Analysis Group, which received consultancy fees from Acorda Therapeutics for this project. Krieger was a consultant for Acorda Therapeutics for this project and has the following additional financial interests to report: consulting/advisory board work with Bayer, Biogen, EMD Serono, Novartis, Genentech, Genzyme, and Teva. Study concept and design were contributed by Guo, Niyazov, Macaulay, and Wu. Macaulay, Terasawa, Schmerold, and Wu helped prepare the data, and data interpretation was performed by Krieger, Guo, Niyazov, and Macaulay, along with Terasawa and Wu. The manuscript was written by Terasawa and Schmerold, along with Macaulay, and revised by all the authors. A portion of the current research was presented in poster format at the 2106 American Academy of Neurology Annual Meeting, which took place in Vancouver, BC, Canada, on April 15-21, 2016.

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Accession: 059865407

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PMID: 28650249

DOI: 10.18553/jmcp.2017.23.7.771

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