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Intergenerational effects of maternal birth weight, BMI, and body composition during pregnancy on infant birth weight: Tanjungsari Cohort Study, Indonesia



Intergenerational effects of maternal birth weight, BMI, and body composition during pregnancy on infant birth weight: Tanjungsari Cohort Study, Indonesia



Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition 26(Suppl 1): S19-S25



Infant birth weight might be partly contributed to by maternal nutritional status at birth and maternal nutrition during pregnancy. The objective of this study was to analyze intergenerational maternal birth weight, maternal BMI, weight change during pregnancy, and maternal body composition (FM, FFM, and TBW) changes during pregnancy. We analyzed the associations between the maternal birth weight and body composition of 94 women and infant birth weight by using multiple regression adjusted for socioeconomic and reproductive history. All associations with infant birth weight were positive. The association between infant birth weight and maternal birth weight was 0.28 (95% CI: 0.02-0.54); that for the association between infant birth weight and maternal body weight in the first, second, and third trimesters was 15.1 (95% CI: 4.92-25.3), 13.7 (95% CI: 2.78-24.6), and 16.1 (95% CI: 5.22-27.0), respectively. The association between infant birth weight and fat mass in the second and third trimesters were 18.4 (95% CI: 3.38-33.5) and 16.1 (95% CI: 5.23-27.0), respectively, and those for the association between infant birth weight and fat-free mass in the first and third trimesters were 33.6 (6.38, 60.9) and 34.8 (95% CI: 3.47-66.1), respectively. This study confirms previous findings that maternal birth weight and body composition during pregnancy are associated with infant birth weight.

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Accession: 059873150

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PMID: 28625032


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