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In vitro transformation by bovine papilloma virus



In vitro transformation by bovine papilloma virus



Journal of General Virology 43(3): 473-487



This paper reports the development of a quantal transformation assay for bovine papillome virus. Support for its specificity to fibropapilloma derived bovine papilloma virus comes from (I) the absence of transformation associated changes following inoculations of normal bovine skin, bovine teat papilloma, bovine teat focal epithelial hyperplasia lesion and canine papilloma derived suspensions; (2) in vitro transformation occurs when CsCl purified fibropapilloma-derived BPV is used; (3) in vitro transformation experiments reported here parallel in vivo transmission of fibropapillomas described elsewhere using the same extracts; (4) the time-temperature inactivation of BPV using in vitro transformation parallels in vivo results and is similar to that reported for other papovaviruses; (5) BPV in vitro transformed cells are tumorigenic in nude mice and increase in vivo resistance in calves to subsequent challenge with fibropapilloma derived virus; (6) inhibition of in vitro transformation by bovine papilloma virus occurs when sera from calves bearing regressing fibropapillomas are used in conjunction with complement; (7) transformation inhibition activity may be adsorbed from high titre sera using BPV-induced tumour cells or in vitro transformed cells but not using various virus suspensions. The detection of BPV in commercially available milk is reported. While it is highly likely that milk-derived BPV is active, no direct evidence is available since the vast majority of teat lesions contain papilloma and focal epithelial hyperplasia-derived BPV which neither transform cultures in vitro, nor produce fibropapillomas in vivo. The work reported here lends further support for the existence of several types of BPV suggested elsewhere.

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Accession: 059887268

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PMID: 225431

DOI: 10.1099/0022-1317-43-3-473


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