ITPA gene polymorphism (94C>A) effects on ribavirin-induced anemia during therapy in Egyptian patients with chronic hepatitis C
El Raziky, M.; Zayed, N.A.; Abdel Baki, A.; Mansour, S.A.; Shahin, R.M.H.
Journal of Medical Virology 89(10): 1823-1829
Inosine triphosphatase (ITPA) gene variants can protect against ribavirin (RBV)-induced anemia in patients treated for chronic hepatitis C. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between genetic variants of ITPA polymorphism, anemia, RBV dose reduction, and treatment response in hepatitis C virus (HCV)-infected patients. This study was conducted on 97 Egyptian chronic HCV patients who were scheduled for pegylated-interferon (PEG-INF) /RBV therapy. ITPA genotypes rs1127354 were determined by Real Time PCR melting curve analysis. Effects of ITPA polymorphism on hemoglobin (Hb) levels, RBV dose reduction and treatment response were analyzed. The homozygous wild genotype (CC) was associated with Hb reduction at week 4 (P = 0.004). The minor allele protected against Hb reduction. No association with sustained virological response was observed (P = 0.492). Female gender; lower baseline Hb and higher baseline WBC were associated with week 4 anemia (P = 0.04; P = 0.023; 0.033, respectively). The ITPA gene polymorphism rs1127354 heterozygous genotype (CA) may influence Hb levels and protect against hemolytic anemia during RBV-containing regimens for HCV. However, such findings were not significantly related to treatment outcomes. Patients with wild ITPA genotype (CC) experienced a more Hb drop and RBV dose reductions more frequently.