Lipoic Acid as a Possible Pharmacological Source of Hydrogen Sulfide/Sulfane Sulfur

Bilska-Wilkosz, A.; Iciek, M.łg.; Kowalczyk-Pachel, D.; Górny, M.; Sokołowska-Jeżewicz, M.; Włodek, L.

Molecules 22(3)

2017


ISSN/ISBN: 1420-3049
PMID: 28257119
DOI: 10.3390/molecules22030388
Accession: 059919965

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Abstract
The aim of the present study was to verify whether lipoic acid (LA) itself is a source of H₂S and sulfane sulfur. It was investigated in vitro non-enzymatically and enzymatically (in the presence of rat tissue homogenate). The results indicate that both H₂S and sulfane sulfur are formed from LA non-enzymatically in the presence of environmental light. These results suggest that H₂S is the first product of non-enzymatic light-dependent decomposition of LA that is, probably, next oxidized to sulfane sulfur-containing compound(s). The study performed in the presence of rat liver and kidney homogenate revealed an increase of H₂S level in samples containing LA and its reduced form dihydrolipoic acid (DHLA). It was accompanied by a decrease in sulfane sulfur level. It seems that, in these conditions, DHLA acts as a reducing agent that releases H₂S from an endogenous pool of sulfane sulfur compounds present in tissues. Simultaneously, it means that exogenous LA cannot be a direct donor of H₂S/sulfane sulfur in animal tissues. The present study is an initial approach to the question whether LA itself is a donor of H₂S/sulfane sulfur.