Low Tidal Volume Positive End-Expiratory Pressure versus High Tidal Volume Zero-Positive End-Expiratory Pressure and Postoperative Pulmonary Functions in Robot-Assisted Laparoscopic Radical Prostatectomy

Haliloglu, M.; Bilgili, B.; Ozdemir, M.; Umuroglu, T.; Bakan, N.

Medical Principles and Practice International Journal of the Kuwait University Health Science Centre 26(6): 573-578

2017


ISSN/ISBN: 1011-7571
PMID: 29131002
DOI: 10.1159/000484693
Accession: 059932490

Download citation:  
Text
  |  
BibTeX
  |  
RIS

Article/Abstract emailed within 0-6 h
Payments are secure & encrypted
Powered by Stripe
Powered by PayPal

Abstract
The aim was to compare the effects of low tidal volume (VT) and moderate positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) with high VT and zero end-expiratory pressure (ZEEP) on postoperative pulmonary functions and oxygenation in patients undergoing robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy. Forty-four patients were randomized into low VT-PEEP and high VT-ZEEP groups. The patients were ventilated with a VT of 6 mL/kg and 8 cm H2O PEEP in the low VT-PEEP group and a VT of 10 mL/kg and 0 cm H2O PEEP in the high VT-ZEEP group. Preoperative and postoperative spirometric measurements were done and chest X-rays were evaluated using the radiological atelectasis score (RAS). p < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. The intraoperative and postoperative arterial partial pressure of oxygen and arterial oxygen saturation values were significantly higher in the low VT-PEEP group than in the high VT-ZEEP group. At all times, the arterial-to-alveolar oxygenation gradients were significantly lower in the low VT-PEEP group than in the high VT-ZEEP group. Preoperative RAS were similar in both groups, but the postoperative RAS was significantly lower in the low VT-PEEP group (p < 0.001). Forced vital capacity, forced expiratory volume in 1 s, and peak expiratory flow rate recorded postoperatively were significantly lower in the high VT-ZEEP group (p < 0.001). Postoperative pulmonary functions were less impaired in patients ventilated with a VT of 6 mL/kg and 8 cm H2O PEEP than in patients ventilated with a VT of 10 mL/kg and ZEEP.