Section 60
Chapter 59,986

Molecular mechanisms underlying pimaric acid-induced modulation of voltage-gated K+ channels

Sakamoto, K.; Suzuki, Y.; Yamamura, H.; Ohya, S.; Muraki, K.; Imaizumi, Y.

Journal of Pharmacological Sciences 133(4): 223-231


ISSN/ISBN: 1347-8648
PMID: 28391996
DOI: 10.1016/j.jphs.2017.02.013
Accession: 059985139

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Voltage-gated K+ (KV) channels, which control firing and shape of action potentials in excitable cells, are supposed to be potential therapeutic targets in many types of diseases. Pimaric acid (PiMA) is a unique opener of large conductance Ca2+-activated K+ channel. Here, we report that PiMA modulates recombinant rodent KV channel activity. The enhancement was significant at low potentials (<0 mV) but not at more positive potentials. Application of PiMA significantly shifted the voltage-activation relationships (V1/2) of rodent KV1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 1.6 and 2.1 channels (KV1.1-KV2.1) but KV4.3 to lower potentials and prolonged their half-decay times of the deactivation (T1/2D). The amino acid sequence which is responsible for the difference in response to PiMA was examined between KV1.1-KV2.1 and KV4.3 by site-directed mutagenesis of residues in S5 and S6 segments of Kv1.1. The point mutation of Phe332 into Tyr mimics the effects of PiMA on V1/2 and T1/2D and also abolished the further change by addition of PiMA. The results indicate that PiMA enhances voltage sensitivity of KV1.1-KV2.1 channels and suggest that the lipophilic residues including Phe332 in S5 of KV1.1-KV2.1 channels may be critical for the effects of PiMA, providing beneficial information for drug development of KV channel openers.

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