Nonvitamin, Nonmineral Dietary Supplement Use among Adults with Fibromyalgia: United States, 2007-2012
Feinberg, T.; Lilly, C.; Innes, K.
Evidence-BasedComplementaryandAlternativeMedicineEcam 2017: 6751856
Fibromyalgia (FMS) is a pain condition affecting 2-6% of US adults; effective treatment remains limited. Determinants of nonvitamin, nonmineral dietary supplement (NVNM) use among adults with FMS are not well-studied. We investigated the relation of NVNM use to FMS, and trends, in two nationally representative samples of US adults ≥18 years. Data were drawn from 2007 and 2012 National Health Interview Surveys (N's = 20127 and 30672, resp.). Logistic regression was used to examine associations of FMS to NVNM use (past 12 months) and evaluate potential modifying influences of gender and comorbidities. Multivariate models adjusted for sampling design, demographic, lifestyle, and health-related factors. FMS was significantly higher in 2012 than in 2007 (1.7% versus 1.3%), whereas NVNM use decreased (57% versus 41%; p < 0.0001). Adults reporting diagnosis were more likely to use NVNMs within 12 months, 30 days, or ever relative to adults without; positive associations remained significant after controlling for demographics, lifestyle characteristics, medical history, and other confounders (ranges: 2007 and 2012 AORs = 2.3-2.7; 1.5-1.6, resp.; p's < 0.0001). In this cross-sectional study of two national samples, NVNM use was strongly and positively associated with FMS, highlighting the need for further study.