Section 61
Chapter 60,078

Peptides Derived from Glycoproteins H and B of Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1 and Herpes Simplex Virus Type 2 Are Capable of Blocking Herpetic Infection in vitro

Cetina-Corona, A.; López-Sánchez, U.; Salinas-Trujano, J.; Méndez-Tenorio, A.; Barrón, B.L.; Torres-Flores, J.

Intervirology 59(5-6): 235-242


ISSN/ISBN: 1423-0100
PMID: 28329739
DOI: 10.1159/000464134
Accession: 060077456

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The aim of this study was to design peptides derived from glycoproteins H (gH) and B (gB) of herpes simplex viruses type 1 (HSV-1) and type 2 (HSV-2) with the potential to block herpetic infection and to evaluate their ability to inhibit HSV-1 and HSV-2 infection in vitro. A library of continuous 15-25 residue stretches (CRSs) located at the surface of gH and gB from HSV-1 and HSV-2 was created. These CRSs were analyzed, and only those that were highly flexible and rich in charged residues were selected for the design of the antiviral peptides (AVPs). The toxicity of the AVPs was evaluated by MTT reduction assays. Virucidal activity of the AVPs was determined by a plaque reduction assay, and their antiviral effect was measured by cell viability assays. Four AVPs (CB-1, CB-2, U-1, and U-2) derived from gB and gH were designed and synthetized, none of which showed high levels of toxicity in Vero cells. The U-1 and U-2 gB-derived AVPs showed high virucidal and antiviral activities against both HSV-1 and HSV-2. The gH-derived peptide CB-1 showed high virucidal and antiviral activities against HSV-2, while CB-2 showed similar results against HSV-1. The peptides CB-1 and CB-2 showed higher IC50 values than the U-1 and U-2 peptides.

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