Section 61
Chapter 60,092

Photochemical production of carbonyl sulfide, carbon disulfide and dimethyl sulfide in a lake water

Du, Q.; Mu, Y.; Zhang, C.; Liu, J.; Zhang, Y.; Liu, C.

Journal of Environmental Sciences 51: 146-156


ISSN/ISBN: 1001-0742
PMID: 28115125
DOI: 10.1016/j.jes.2016.08.006
Accession: 060091123

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Photochemical production of carbonyl sulfide (COS), carbon disulfide (CS2) and dimethyl sulfide (DMS) was intensively studied in the water from the Aohai Lake of Beijing city. The lake water was found to be highly supersaturated with COS, CS2 and DMS, with their initial concentrations of 0.91±0.073nmol/L, 0.55±0.071nmol/L and 0.37±0.062nmol/L, respectively. The evident photochemical production of COS and CS2 in the lake water under irradiation of 365nm and 302nm indicated that photochemical production of them might be the reason for their supersaturation. The similar dependence of wavelength and oxygen for photochemical production of COS, CS2 and DMS implied that they might be from the same precursors. The water cage effect was found to favor COS production but inhibit CS2 and DMS formation, indicating that COS photochemical production was mainly from direct degradation of the precursors and the formation of CS2 and DMS needed intermediates via combination of carbon-centered radicals and sulfur-centered radicals. The above assumptions were further confirmed by simulation experiments with addition of carbonyls and amino acids (cysteine and methionine), and the photochemical formation mechanisms for COS, CS2 and DMS in water were derived from the investigations.

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