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Pitfalls in Size Characterization of Soft Particles by Dynamic Light Scattering Online Coupled to Asymmetrical Flow Field-Flow Fractionation



Pitfalls in Size Characterization of Soft Particles by Dynamic Light Scattering Online Coupled to Asymmetrical Flow Field-Flow Fractionation



Analytical Chemistry 89(21): 11744-11752



An asymmetrical flow field-flow fractionation (AF4) technique coupled to a multiangle light scattering (MALS) detector with an embedded dynamic light scattering (DLS) module was introduced to study the size characteristics and shape of soft particles of various size and type: polystyrene nanosphere size standards, lipid droplets (LDs), and large unilamellar vesicles (LUVs). A range of flow velocities through the LS detector, at which accurate hydrodynamic size can be extracted from the DLS in flow mode, was studied since the particles subjected to a longitudinal flow exhibit not only the Brownian motion due to diffusion but also the translational movement. In addition, the impact of the longitudinal flow velocity on the shape of the artificial LUV of two different sizes and two different compositions was studied by MALS. For comparison, the conventional batch DLS and static light scattering (SLS) experiments without prior sample separation by size were performed. From a combination of batch and flow light scattering results, we concluded that the passage flow velocities at the detector used in this study, 0.2, 0.5, and 1 mL/min, have no significant impact on the shape of spherical vesicles; however, the flow DLS experiments give accurate hydrodynamic radius (Rh) only at the lowest investigated passage flow rate at the detector (0.2 mL/min). With increasing rate of passage flow at the DLS detector, the error in the accuracy of the Rh determination rapidly increases. The error in Rh depends solely on the detector flow rate and particle size but not on the type of the soft particle.

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Accession: 060097342

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PMID: 28974097

DOI: 10.1021/acs.analchem.7b03251


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