Section 61
Chapter 60,113

Potentials for win-win alliances among animal agriculture and forest products industries: application of the principles of industrial ecology and sustainable development

Cowling, E.B.; Furiness, C.S.

Science in China. Series C Life Sciences 48(Suppl 2): 697-709


ISSN/ISBN: 1862-2798
PMID: 20549426
DOI: 10.1007/bf03187110
Accession: 060112818

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Commercial forests in many parts of the world are deficient in nitrogen and phosphorus. These nutrient-deficient forests often exist in close proximity to large animal feeding operations, meat processing and other food, textile, or other biomass-processing plants, and municipal waste treatment facilities. Many of these facilities produce large surpluses of nitrogen, phosphorus, and organic matter as gaseous ammonia, urea, uric acid, phosphorus compounds, bacterial sludges, and partially treated municipal wastewaters. These co-existing and substantial nutrient deficiencies and surpluses offer ready-made opportunities for discovery, demonstration, and commercial development of science-based, technology-facilitated, environmentally sound, economically viable, and socially acceptable "win-win alliances" among these major industries based on the principles of industrial ecology and sustainable development. The major challenge is to discover practical means to capture the surplus nutrients and put them to work in forest stands from which value-added products can be produced and sold at a profit.

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