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Proximal femoral nail antirotation versus dynamic hip screw fixation for treatment of osteoporotic type 31-A1 intertrochanteric femoral fractures in elderly patients



Proximal femoral nail antirotation versus dynamic hip screw fixation for treatment of osteoporotic type 31-A1 intertrochanteric femoral fractures in elderly patients



Journal of International Medical Research 45(3): 1109-1123



Objective To evaluate long-term radiographic and functional outcomes between dynamic hip screw (DHS) and proximal femoral nail antirotation (PFNA) fixation for treatment of osteoporotic type 31-A1 intertrochanteric femoral fractures (IFFs) among elderly patients Methods A retrospective comparative study was carried out. Follow-up was performed at 1, 3, 6, 9, and 12 months postoperatively and yearly thereafter. The primary outcome was the radiographic outcome, and the secondary outcome was the functional outcome. Results A significant difference in radiographic complications was observed between the DHS group (n = 45, 40.2%) and PFNA group (n = 15, 13.6%). The risk of femoral shaft fracture after implant removal at the 1-year follow-up was increased by 0.9% (n = 1) and 6.3% (n = 7) in the PFNA and DHS groups, respectively. This difference persisted with rates of 3.6% (n = 4) and 12.5% (n = 14) at the final follow-up. Additionally, significant differences were present in the Harris hip score at each visit. Conclusion Our results indicate that PFNA yields better outcomes than DHS fixation among elderly patients with osteoporotic type 31-A1 IFFs.

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Accession: 060149156

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 28417681

DOI: 10.1177/0300060517703277


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