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Randomized controlled trial of supervised physiotherapy versus a home exercise program after hydrodilatation for the management of primary frozen shoulder



Randomized controlled trial of supervised physiotherapy versus a home exercise program after hydrodilatation for the management of primary frozen shoulder



Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery 26(5): 757-765



Hydrodilatation and physiotherapy are commonly used treatments for primary frozen shoulder. Little is known about the optimal form of physiotherapy. This study reports a randomized controlled trial comparing 2 forms of physiotherapy after hydrodilatation. The null hypothesis was that there would be no difference between the 2 groups at 1 year as measured by the Oxford Shoulder Score (OSS). We randomized 41 patients undergoing hydrodilatation for primary frozen shoulder into 2 treatment groups: group 1 (n = 20) underwent supervised physiotherapy in addition to a home exercise program, and group 2 (n = 21) followed a self-directed home exercise program in isolation. Assessment was carried out by a blinded research nurse at baseline, 4 weeks, 3 months, 6 months, and 1 year. The primary outcome measure was the OSS. Other measures were range of movement, visual analog scale pain score, and EQ-5D index. There was no significant difference between the treatment groups at any time point as measured by the OSS or EQ-5D index. In group 1, the OSS improved significantly from 25.00 (95% confidence interval [CI], 21.92-28.08) at baseline to 38.29 (95% CI, 34.01-42.58; P < .0001) at 4 weeks and 43.71 (95% CI, 41.61-45.80; P < .0001) at 1 year. In group 2, the OSS improved significantly from 26.60 at baseline (95% CI, 22.50-30.70) to 40.07 (95% CI, 36.77-43.36; P < .0001) at 4 weeks and 43.00 (95% CI, 39.69-46.31; P < .0001) at 1 year. All outcome measures improved significantly from baseline to 4 weeks. In this group of patients, after a hydrodilatation procedure for the treatment of primary frozen shoulder, there was no significant difference in clinical outcomes between supervised physiotherapy in addition to a home exercise program and a self-directed home exercise program in isolation.

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Accession: 060168349

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 28318848

DOI: 10.1016/j.jse.2017.01.012


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