EurekaMag
+ Translate
+ Most Popular
Gaucher's disease;thirty-two years experience at Siriraj Hospital
A study of Macrobathra Meyrick from China (Lepidoptera, Cosmopterigidae)
First occurrence in ores of tetragonal chalcocite
Effects of trace element nutrition on sleep patterns in adult women
N.Z. range management guidelines. 2. Design of grazing management systems for tussock country
A case of lipoma of the esophagus
A revision of world Acanthosomatidae (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae): keys to and descriptions of subfamilies, tribes and genera, with designation of types
Life history of the coronate scyphozoan Linuche unguiculata (Swartz, 1788)
Perceptual restoration of obliterated sounds
Mutagenicity studies on two chromium(III) coordination compounds
The formation of the skeleton. I. Growth of a long bone. 1st appearance of a center of calcification
Leucopenia and abnormal liver function in travellers on malaria chemoprophylaxis
The joint commission: four key root causes loom large in sentinel event data
Treatment of vitiligo with topical 15% lactic acid solution in combination with ultra violet-A
Behaviour of dairy cows within three hours after feed supply: I. Influence of housing type and time elapsing after feed supply
Observations of the propagation velocity and formation mechanism of burst fractures caused by gunshot
Management and control of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in Lebanon: results from the International Diabetes Management Practices Study (IDMPS)
The diet composition and nutritional knowledge of patients with anorexia nervosa
Physoporella croatica Herak, 1958 of the Slovak karst Anisian (Slovakia, the West Carpathians Mts.)
Bright lights, big noise. How effective are vehicle warning systems?
Ein Plesiosaurier-Rest mit Magensteinen aus mittlerem Lias von Quedlinburg
Incidence of Chlamydia trachomatis in patients with sterility
Monster soup: the microscope and Victorian fantasy
Preliminary tests with residual sprays against poultry lice
Duration of the life of plants in phylogeny

Rapid mapping of urinary schistosomiasis: An appraisal of the diagnostic efficacy of some questionnaire-based indices among high school students in Katsina State, northwestern Nigeria


Rapid mapping of urinary schistosomiasis: An appraisal of the diagnostic efficacy of some questionnaire-based indices among high school students in Katsina State, northwestern Nigeria



Plos Neglected Tropical Diseases 11(4): E0005518



ISSN/ISBN: 1935-2727

PMID: 28369090

DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0005518

In sub-Saharan Africa, over 200 million individuals are estimated to be infected with urinary and intestinal schistosomiasis. In a bid to lay a foundation for effective future control programme, this study was carried out with the aim of assessing the diagnostic efficacy of some questionnaire-based rapid assessment indices of urinary schistosomiasis. A total number of 1,363 subjects were enrolled for the study. Questionnaires were administered basically in English and Hausa languages by trained personnel. Following informed consent, terminal urine samples were collected between 09:40 AM and 2:00 PM using clean 20 ml capacity universal bottles. 10μl of each urine residue was examined for the eggs of S. haematobium using x10 objective nose of Motic Binocular Light Microscope (China). The average age ± Standard Deviation (SD) of school children examined was 15.30 ± 2.30 years and 40.87% were females. The overall prevalence and geometric mean intensity of S. haematobium infection were 26.41% (24.10─28.85) and 6.59 (5.59─7.75) eggs / 10 ml of urine respectively. Interestingly, a questionnaire equivalence of the prevalence obtained in this survey was 26.41% (24.10─28.85) for Rapid Assessment Procedure based on self-reported blood in urine. The results of correlation analyses demonstrated significant associations between the prevalence of S. haematobium infection and contact with potentially infested open water sources (r = 0.741; P = 0.006). By regression model, cases of respondents with self-reported blood in urine are expected to rise to 24.75% if prevalence of the infection shoots up to 26.5%. The best RAP performance was obtained with self-reported blood in urine. Based on the overall prevalence value, the study area was at a "moderate-risk" of endemicity for urinary schistosomiasis. Chemotherapeutic intervention with Praziquantel, the rationale behind rapid assessment procedure for schistosomiasis, has been recommended to be carried out once in every 2 years for such communities.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 060170027

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

Related references

Prevalence and intensity of genito-urinary schistosomiasis and associated risk factors among junior high school students in two local government areas around Zobe Dam in Katsina State, Nigeria. Parasites and Vectors 9(1): 388, 2016

Urogenital schistosomiasis and associated determinant factors among senior high school students in the Dutsin-Ma and Safana Local Government Areas of Katsina State, Nigeria. Infectious Diseases of Poverty 5(1): 69, 2016

Spatial distribution of urinary schistosomiasis in Cross River State, Nigeria using geographical information system and school based questionnaire. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences: Pjbs 16(20): 1166-1172, 2013

Distribution of urinary schistosomiasis among high school students in Utukwang, Obudu, Cross River State of Nigeria. Global Journal of Medical Sciences 2(1): 19-22, 2003

Structured questionnaire as a tool for rapid diagnosis of urinary schistosomiasis: a case study of three local government areas of Ogun State, Nigeria. ASSET Series B: Natural Sciences, Engineering and Technology 1(1): 31-37, 2002

The current epidemiological status of urogenital schistosomiasis among primary school pupils in Katsina State, Nigeria: An imperative for a scale up of water and sanitation initiative and mass administration of medicines with Praziquantel. Plos Neglected Tropical Diseases 12(7): E0006636, 2018

Mapping of Urinary Schistosomiasis in Anambra State, Nigeria. Annals of Global Health 85(1), 2019

Threatened medicinal and economic plants of the Sudan Savanna in Katsina State, northwestern Nigeria. Bothalia 49(1): a2325, 2019

Some aspects of the biology of Protopterus annectens (Owen) in Jachi Dam near Katsina, Katsina state, Nigeria. Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 12: 136-141, 2006

The prevalence of urinary schistosomiasis among primary school children in Benue State, Nigeria. Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology 83(2): 197-198, 1989

A Pilot Study: Factors Influencing Compliance With Tetanus-Diphtheria Vaccine in Katsina State, Northwestern Nigeria. Health Services Research and Managerial Epidemiology 5: 2333392818789585, 2018

Urinary schistosomiasis in school aged children of two rural endemic communities in Edo State, Nigeria. Journal of Infection and Public Health 11(3): 384-388, 2018

Urinary schistosomiasis in a rural community in Edo state, Nigeria: eosinophiluria as a diagnostic marker. African Journal of Biotechnology 4(2): 183-186, 2005

Prevalence of urinary schistosomiasis amongst primary school children in Ikwo and Ohaukwu Communities of Ebonyi State, Nigeria. African Journal of Laboratory Medicine 9(1): 812, 2020

Bacteriuria and urinary schistosomiasis in primary school children in rural communities in Enugu State, Nigeria, 2012. Pan African Medical Journal 18(Suppl): 15, 2014